Category Archives: ADHD Meds

What does ADHD mean

«What does ADHD mean?» – this is one of the frequently asked questions parents ask, when they suggest that their kid behaves abnormally. About 10-15 years ago, you would have to visit a doctor or look through the pages of the medical encyclopedia to get the answer to this question.

Today, you may find the answer to the question «What does ADHD mean?» in a few minutes, at home. There are hundreds of thousands of articles all over the Internet, in which you not only can find the information on «What does ADHD mean?», but you can also learn about possible treatments of this neuropsychiatric disorder.

To understand «What does ADHD mean?», you need to search the answer to this question in reliable sources of information. The correct definition of the ADHD term can be found on the FDA, TGA, MHRA, Health Canada and Medsafe official websites.

It is noteworthy that national healthcare services can update the answer to «What does ADHD mean?» question with new information from time to time. Herewith, in different countries of the world the answers to this question may differ significantly.

There are no fundamental differences between definitions of ADHD in different countries. Slight differences can be found maybe in the description leaflet of tablets or capsules for ADHD treatment but not in the articles about «What does ADHD mean?».

Almost all medications for ADHD treatment can be prescribed to both adults and children of 6 years old and older. Indications for use of meds for ADHD treatment are identical.

However, all of meds to treat ADHD can cause different side effects. Therefore, when choosing a treatment method, doctors are focusing on their side effects and contraindications, but not on the indications for use of meds.

Before getting a prescription on medication for ADHD treatment, you need to ask a doctor: what does ADHD mean?, and about benefits and drawbacks of different treatments of this disorder.

The benefits of treatment of psychostimulants, approved for ADHD treatment are that they help to control the symptoms of ADHD from the very first day of the drug therapy.

The drawbacks of psychostimulants for ADHD treatment are that they can cause serious psychiatric side effects, including heart disease.

Most non-stimulants for ADHD treatment are less effective yet safer than medications stimulating the central nervous system. However, even in the list of non-stimulants for a symptomatic ADHD treatment you may find a medication, which rarely, but still causes suicidal thoughts.

  • The list of stimulants approved in the USA for ADHD treatment contains several meds, including Adderall, Dexedrine, Desoxyn and Ritalin.
  • The FDA approved non-stimulants for ADHD treatment are sold under the trade names – Kapvay, Strattera and Intuniv.

If you know what does ADHD mean, but you don’t know which medication for the treatment of ADHD symptoms is suitable for you, discuss with your physician different variants of ADHD treatment.

Once getting an objective and reliable information on what does ADHD mean, as well as the minuses of various meds for ADHD therapy, you will be able to make your ADHD therapy safer and more effective.

You can find a detailed information on «what does ADHD mean?», the symptoms of ADHD and on the meds that can be used for ADHD treatment in upcoming reviews. If you want to ask a professional medical worker what does ADHD mean, please ask your question by email.

Symptoms of ADHD in adults

 

The attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) syndrome is actually a disease, not a result of bad education. The diagnosis of such a disease is easily determined in childhood and usually characterized with such symptoms as inattentiveness, hyperactivity and impulsiveness.

Many people think that ADHD is the disease of children and teenagers only. But the truth is that about half of people, having ADHD in childhood, still suffer from ADHD in adulthood.

It is noteworthy that ADHD progresses differently in different people, yet it is always characterized by inattentiveness, hyperactivity and impulsiveness. It is believed that ADHD develops in children aged under 7 years.

Scientists have noticed that ADHD affects mostly boys rather than girls. While in adulthood, the number of girls and boys with ADHD becomes equal.

The symptoms of ADHD in women are slightly different from ADHD symptoms in men. You can say that adult women keep a low profile and are calmer than men are. At the same time, women have mood swings more often than men do.

Low self-esteem, inability to control one’s feelings and constant struggle with oneself, all these symptoms speak of ADHD in adult women. Thus, a housework routine, lack of intimate relationships, constant attempts to meet the society expectations – these are the causes of ADHD in adult women.

The symptoms of ADHD in adult men can also reduce the self-esteem and their quality of life. Constant being late for work and important meetings, intemperance in communication, problems with task fulfillment and memorizing the information, as well as inability to concentrate on details – all that are the symptoms of ADHD that are generally observed in adult men.

Adults, suffering from ADHD may have problems at school and work. Such factors as frequent job changes, low performance, poor work achievements, the low social and economic status can worsen the symptoms of ADHD in adult people and violate their life quality.

In ADHD, people might have troubles with perception and assimilation of new information. Adults with ADHD can «switch off» during communication or interrupt the interlocutor all the time.

This kind of behavior makes the communication between two people much more difficult. Adults with the symptoms of ADHD can become closed and gloomy. In fact, people suffering from ADHD, are often prone to forget things and they have bad organizational skills.

If people do not seek for a medical help in time, then ADHD may even ruin their marriage. A person with ADHD can forget the birthday date of his/her spouse or their marriage anniversary. Moreover, such forgetfulness can be thought of as indifference, or inattention to the partner.

Adults with the symptoms of ADHD must be reminded of things they should do. The tendency to reckless acts and irresponsible behavior make other partner nervous and worry.

As a result, family relationships suffer a lot because of such behavior. Actually, adults, who are diagnosed ADHD lose their temper pretty fast, provoking quarrels due to misunderstanding. They run out of arguments quickly, because any ADHD person simply incapable of discussing things calmly.

In marriage, an adult with ADHD often has to go through difficulties, such as frequent divorces and breakups with the partner. In addition to problems at home and work, the typical behavior for an adult with ADHD is a frequent breach of traffic rules and car accidents.

It should be noted that today in order to determine the symptoms of ADHD in adults, there is no need to pay for medical consultation. Using your PC, you can find special tests and quiz that help to identify the presence or absence of the symptoms of ADHD in adults.

After familiarizing with the checklist of the most common symptoms of ADHD in adults, you can determine whether you have or have no ADHD symptoms and discuss any questions with the doctor, if any arise.

Natural remedies for ADHD

Complementary and alternative medicine has become very popular for the last decades. It caused the appearance of alternative methods of ADHD prophylaxis and treatment. This review will provide you some natural treatment methods of ADHD and other behavioral disorders.

Natural remedies for ADHD are used as monotherapy and are highly effective in the treatment of mild and moderate neuropsychiatric disorders. For severe forms of ADHD, doctors recommend using some natural remedies as a supplement to the psychostimulant or non-stimulant drugs.

Most alternative methods of ADHD therapy are quite affordable, effective and safe. Some of the natural remedies for ADHD in children and adults give a real opportunity to control the treatment and actively participate in making decisions regarding health of the loved ones.

In some cases, natural remedies for ADHD and anger treatment can improve the overall health, yet slightly affect the mental health of people. Therefore, it is very important to control the treatment process and change it if needed. Such methods should be discussed with specialists, before using them in practice.

Balanced diets

Food plays an important role in the functioning of the entire body of both healthy and sick people. If symptoms of mental disorder occur, it is not necessary to use the prescription medications immediately. At the initial treatment, you can use some natural remedies for ADHD treatment and change your diet.

If symptoms of ADHD have decreased a few weeks after the use of natural remedies and a diet therapy, then it is possible that ADHD is caused by the lack of nutrients or excessive amount of chemicals (for instance, colorings and preservatives) in the body. It is believed that a proper nutrition can reduce the symptoms of ADHD in about 65% of patients.

A balanced diet must include foods high in proteins and complex carbohydrates. In addition, people should limit the consumption of sugar and artificial additives. ADHD can be cured quickly and easily if you have normal metabolism.

Microelements and other natural remedies

People can use natural remedies for ADHD and depression treatment without experiencing the deficit in vitamins and minerals. Microelements are effective in elimination of many signs of behavioral disorders, for example, irritability and poor concentration.

There is a long list of nutrients that you can use as natural remedies for ADHD treatment. For instance, vitamin B6 – improves the brain function and provides the synthesis and metabolism of neurotransmitters. Moreover, Vitamin B6 helps to digest magnesium in the gastrointestinal tract, keeping it inside the cells.

The magnesium ions take part in the work of all systems and organs of the human body. Besides that, this microelement plays the main role in regulation of the nervous activity. The compensation of magnesium shortfall increases the stress resistance and strengthens the nervous system.

The list of natural remedies for ADHD contains: zinc, L-carnitine, essential fatty acids and vitamins of all groups. It depends on the symptoms of ADHD which natural remedies you will choose. Please note that not all microelements can be used in unlimited quantities.

Herbal supplement

Herbs may help to tone up and strengthen the psychoemotional state of a person. Some herbs contain potent biologically active substances; therefore, you should better consult a doctor before using any of them.

Natural remedies for ADHD are available in various forms – dry extracts (pills, capsules or powders), tinctures (alcoholates) and glycerites (without alcohol). You can use them alone or in combination with other remedies.

Usually, herbs are recommended as sedative means for people suffering from neuropsychiatric disorders. The most popular herbal remedies for ADHD contain – Passiflora incarnata, Valeriana officinalis, Roman chamomile and Melissa officinalis.

Herbal remedies for ADHD are often used to improve memory and mental acuity. Numerous studies confirmed that herbal supplements do not only reduce the ADHD symptoms, but also improve people’s physical health.

Change of lifestyle

Medications are not the only way to solve the problem of behavioral disorders. Natural remedies for ADHD along with physical exercises are one of the most effective alternative treatments these days.

Various relaxation methods reduce the level of anxiety and impulsiveness in all the age categories of patients with ADHD. A massage within 10-20 minutes a day can improve the behavior and concentration of people, comparing to those who did not have one.

The lifestyle change must provide a calming and relaxing effect. The regularity and structure allow to resist the natural tendency of people with ADHD to create chaos. The daily regimen must be stable. Physical exercises, relaxation, food intake and sleep must take place at the same time every day.

Psychostimulants, non-stimulants or other medication for ADHD treatment should be used if prescribed by the doctor only. Due to many potential side effects of these drugs, the number of people who want to use natural remedies for ADHD is increasing annually.

Hyperactivity disorder

Attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), attention deficit (ADD), hyperkinetic disorder and hyperactivity disorder are different terms used by usual people and professionals. Differences in these terms are insignificant, but sometimes can lead to confusion.

These behavioral disorders usually describe the problems of children who have concentration difficulties. Hyperactivity disorder term is used to describe the situations associated with increased impulsivity and activity of the child.

Depending on the diagnosis methods, the prevalence of hyperactivity disorder in children of school age varies from 2 to 20%. Symptoms of the disorder may be varied, but usually include problems with coordination, speech, and movement disorders.

Hyperactivity without attention deficit is sometimes observed in adults. Diagnosis of behavioral disorders in adults is complicated because of the concomitant or other mental disorders that may have common symptoms.

Only health care professionals can properly diagnose mental disorder. Signs and symptoms of hyperactivity disorder in adults include:

  • Forgetfulness
  • Impulsiveness
  • Low self-esteem
  • Lack of motivation
  • Emotional and social difficulties

The presence of some of these symptoms does not mean that you should immediately seek medical care. People, who are suggesting that they have symptoms of mental disorders, can independently take online tests for hyperactivity or attention deficit.

After testing, people are often convinced that they were worried for nothing, and they have no psychoneurological disorders. If the tests confirm the presence of symptoms of hyperkinetic disorder, there is an occasion to think about and talk to an expert.

Hyperactivity disorder: treatment

A single point of view on the treatment of hyperactivity disorder does not exist. Many experts focus attention on drug treatment. Others give preferences to psychotherapy. In most cases, the most effective is a combined therapy of mental disorders.

The choice of treatment method of hyperactivity disorder should be individual taking into account the patient’s age and severity of disease. Typically, at the beginning of treatment of behavioral disorders in children, a balanced diet and lifestyle changes in conjunction with various psychotherapeutic strategies are recommended.

The most successful psychotherapeutic strategies for adults are based on increasing positivity of thinking about themselves and the future. Therapeutic goals also include learning the management of stress and anger, an increase in physical activity and use of various relaxation techniques.

The use of drugs is an important component of the treatment of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder. To help control the symptoms of behavioral disorders, many different types of drugs can be used.

The main types of drugs to treat hyperactivity disorder are divided into fast acting with high, average and low rate of release of active substance. The dosage and frequency of drug use are chosen individually and are able to vary during the treatment.

People with symptoms of hyperactivity disorder are most often prescribed with a class of drugs called psychostimulants. These drugs are effective in moderate to severe psychological disorders.

Psychostimulants can be prescribed for children, adolescents and adults with hyperactivity disorder. These drugs help to improve concentration and to control impulsivity. In case if psychostimulants are ineffective or cause side effects, non-stimulant medications can be prescribed.

One of the non-stimulant medications is Strattera. You can buy Strattera medication for the treatment of hyperactivity disorder at the pharmacies of USA and other countries of the world. The FDA approved Strattera capsules in November 2002 as a treatment of ADHD in children over 6 years old and adults.

Despite the fact that diagnosis methods of hyperactivity disorder are contested for many years, the treatment of behavioral disorders has already helped millions of people to improve their emotional state. It has been proven that early diagnosis of psychoneurological disorders in children decreases the risk of negative psychological and social effects in the future.

Difference between ADD and ADHD

ADD and ADHD are medical abbreviations that have almost the identical definitions. The difference between ADD and ADHD is that the ADD abbreviation is hardly used today.

Definition of ADHD and ADD terms can be found in the «Health Thesaurus» published by Australian Department of Health. In addition, ADHD and ADD abbreviations (and their definitions were published by the British National Institute for Health and Care Excellence and in free encyclopedia – wiki.

Given the fact that ADD and ADHD are the international abbreviations of medical terms, there are no differences between the definitions of ADD and ADHD terms in different countries.

Differences between ADD and ADHD definitions

  • The ADD term is used in the cases if the symptoms of «attention deficit disorder» appear in a child or adult.
  • ADHD term is used in the cases if signs of «attention deficit hyperactivity disorder» are observed in children or adults.

Attention deficit disorder (ADD) and attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) have the same symptoms and the same drugs are used for the treatment of these hyperkinetic disorders.

The difference between ADD and ADHD is only in that young physicians and their patients may not be aware that ADHD has an alternative term – ADD. Physicians, who have a lot of experience of ADHD (ADD) treatment, can use both these terms to diagnose behavioral disorder in children and adults.

Different types of drugs are used as drug therapy of ADD (ADHD). It is noteworthy that exactly attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is indicated in indications for the use of such drugs.

Therefore, it is not surprising that the vast majority of patients using drugs for ADHD treatment are not even aware that there is no difference between ADD and ADHD diagnoses.

This review includes the subjective opinion about the absence of difference between ADD and ADHD medical abbreviations. Many doctors and their patients might not agree with this point of view. After all, theoretically, the difference between ADD and ADHD exists. However, this difference is insignificant, and does not affect the choice of effective and safe drug for the treatment of behavioral disorders.

The only difference between ADD and ADHD is that there is no a word “hyperactivity” in the ADD term. Modern drugs effectively reduce all symptoms of hyperkinetic disorder, including impulsivity, inattentiveness and hyperactivity.

Therefore, the use of such drugs helps to improve the psycho-emotional status, even if the patient has symptoms of attention deficit disorder (ADD), but has no signs of hyperactivity.

Attention deficit disorder

 

Attention deficit disorder is one of the slight disorders of the brain, which most often appears in children aged 6 to 8 years. Signs of behavioral disorders still occur in 70% of adolescents and 40% of adults who was diagnosed with this disorder in childhood.

According to most researchers, attention deficit disorder occurs all over the world and in all cultures. According to various estimates, from 2 to 20% of children suffer from psychoneurological disorders. The distinction of data is related to the fact that many countries use their own methods of the diagnosis and the syndrome treatment.

Attention deficit disorder: symptoms

Symptoms and signs of psychoneurological disorders may vary in different patients, but in a varying degree, they find it difficult to control their behavior. Different perceptions of situations, problems at home, at school and with peers are often observed in children suffering from attention deficit disorder.

The symptoms of attention deficit disorder in children can involve speech disorder, inattentiveness, difficulty with memory, inability to recognize the needs and desires of others, difficulty in maintaining emotions, angry outbursts and tantrums.

Attention deficit disorder: consequences

Despite the popularity of attention deficit disorder as a subject of research among experts of the whole world, definite answers to a number of questions have not yet been found. According to some experts, the disorder consequences are minor and are reduced proportionally to the brain formation and to person growing up.

Other studies have shown that attention deficit disorder with age can be transformed into more severe mental illnesses. It is believed that patients in this group more often conflict at work, get injuries, are prone to alcoholism and anxiety disorders.

Attention deficit disorder: treatment

One can buy dozens of effective drugs for the treatment of attention deficit disorder and hyperactivity at the pharmaceutical market. Many of them are intended to treat psychoneurological disorders in children over 6 years old (for example, Strattera).

Medical treatment is more effective in the combination with proper nutrition and psychotherapeutic methods. Careful diagnosis and the choice of treatment method should quickly cure the symptoms of attention deficit disorder and minimize negative health consequences.

Adult ADHD test

Modern medicine includes many different diagnosis methods and treatment of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) in adults. Diagnosis represents more and more interest, as timely identification of psychoneurological disorders contributes to the rapid recovery.

For diagnosis and successful treatment of ADHD and other mental disorders in adults, different tests are used. Most tests of ADHD can be divided into two main groups:

  • Free online adult ADHD test
  • Comprehensive ADHD tests conducted by specialists in clinics

Some specialists believe that in adults ADHD is much more difficult to diagnose than in children. This opinion is based on that ADHD symptoms are similar to the symptoms of other psychological disorders, such as depression. Adult people are more prone to depressive disorders.

A lot of people are interested in the study of behavioral disorders, therefore online ADHD tests for adults and children enjoy more and more popularity in the world. In order to find such tests, it is enough to waste a few minutes searching for the necessary sites in the search engines.

Typically, you do not have to provide the confidential information and to register on the site for taking a free online adult ADHD test. Most often, there is a brief description and the beginning of the test on the first page of the site.

You can take the simplest online adult ADHD test in just 5-10 minutes. Generally, these tests are presented as a list of 15-25 questions to which an affirmative or negative answer should be given. By the number of “yes” or “no”, a preliminary conclusion about the presence or absence of ADHD can be made.

More complex adult ADHD test for women and men includes questions to which one of the 4-6 answers should be chosen. In this case, you should tick one of the answers, such as:

  • Never
  • Rarely
  • Sometimes
  • Often
  • Very often

Online tests are not intended for the final ADHD diagnosis, but they can show the patient’s general psychological health. If in doubt, you should consult a doctor and be medically examined if necessary.

Comprehensive ADHD or ADD test in adults should be carried out by a qualified licensed medical staff. For a comprehensive assessment of ADHD risks, there can be used:

  • A thorough diagnostic interview
  • Evaluation of ADHD symptoms and signs
  • Different types of psychometric tests
  • Study of previously identified mental illness
  • Testing for the presence of comorbidities

Elements of comprehensive adult ADHD test should provide a detailed history of past and current behavior of the patient. The doctor should ask clarifying questions about the relationships in the family, at work, during learning and early childhood of the person.

Clinical studies revealed that more than 50% of people with ADHD have one or several concomitant pathologies. The most common among them are substance misuse, anxiety disorders and depression.

Adult ADHD test is needed to diagnose the type of behavioral disorder and to assess the presence or absence of coexisting conditions. Taking the test online or in clinic, it is possible accurately to diagnose and, thus effectively to treat ADHD symptoms.

ADHD symptoms

 

 

Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (or ADHD) is a disease, characterized by inattentiveness, hyperactivity and impulsiveness.

The ADHD symptoms are generally manifested in childhood and adolescence. The common signs of ADHD are obviously the attention disorder, impulsiveness and hyperactivity. ADHD begins developing in childhood but its symptoms are observed in adulthood as well.

The ADHD symptoms in various age groups of patients may differ. However, regardless of the age, almost all ADHD patients find it hard to control their activity levels, their impulsiveness and focus on one task or subject.

  • Inattentiveness is one of the basic symptoms of ADHD.

Because inattentiveness impedes focusing on the subject, children and adults diagnosed ADHD, are not interested and bored to fulfill work requiring sustained attention and concentration.

Chronic slowness and forgetfulness, melancholy, difficulties with concentration while reading, mood swings and depression – are complications that may occur in adults due to ADHD.

The inability to focus in childhood, can negatively affect the education process. Therefore, poor performance at school is one of the negative outcomes of ADHD in childhood.

  • Hyperactivity is a very common symptom of ADHD.

Hyperactive children and adults with ADHD cannot sit still; they are scurrying around, fussing or talking all the time. Hyperactivity is an ADHD symptom, which is typical for children and teenagers. Usually, hyperactivity fades away, or vanishes with age.

  • Impulsiveness may occur at any age, just as other ADHD symptoms.

Because of excessive impulsiveness, children and adults with ADHD do not think over the consequences of their deeds. Impulsive ADHD patients take rash decisions, influenced by external circumstances or emotional experiences.

ADHD symptoms in children

Many signs and symptoms of ADHD occur mostly in children and rarely in adults. The ADHD symptoms in small children are manifested as constant walking around the apartment, as well as agitated state when guests come to your home.

Small children with ADHD syndrome cannot play games calmly and always seek attention of their parents. Other symptoms, signalizing of ADHD in small children are: excessive crying, sleep disorder and lack of appetite.

Children of primary school age with ADHD are usually restless; they can get up from their sit and walk around the classroom, distracting other children. Sometimes, pupils diagnosed ADHD answer the questions without listening it to the end and without thinking. Parents of such children complain on that their kids lose things and can even ran out on the roadway without looking around.

The ADHD symptoms in teenagers are similar to ADHD symptoms in children. Such symptoms are: irritability, low concentration and attention, hyperactivity and insomnia. In adolescence during sexual maturation, the ADHD symptoms may get worse.

Due to excessive distraction and decreased attention and ability to concentrate, many teenagers with ADHD have problems at school. Hence, the educational performance may decrease if a teenager is not prescribed some ADHD treatment.

ADHD symptoms in adults

The ADHD symptoms in adults differ from the ADHD symptoms in children and teens. For instance, adults diagnosed ADHD may experience indefatigability instead of hyperactivity. In addition, adults with ADHD always have problems with personal relationships and employment.

Postponement of tasks, the lack of organized work, forgetfulness during daily activities and frequent changes of the conversation topic, inability to listen to other people – all these symptoms indicate the ADHD.

In conclusion, it is necessary to say that education of a hyperactive child must involve the work of specialists in different fields (neurologist, psychologist and teacher), but exactly parents play the most important role in this process. Love and support of the parents help to find the right approach to a child with ADHD and relieve the symptoms of this disease.

ADHD and anxiety

ADHD and anxiety are two different mental disorders that may have similar symptoms. It is noteworthy that ADHD and anxiety often go hand in hand. Therefore, before to diagnose and treat ADHD or anxiety, the physician should carefully examine and evaluate all psychiatric symptoms occurring in the patient.

The correct diagnosis of ADHD and anxiety is necessary in order to prescribe the optimal treatment method of these diseases. After all, anxiety and ADHD are cured by means of medications included in different pharmacological groups. Therefore, wrong diagnosis of ADHD or anxiety will become a reason for the wrong treatment and increase in ADHD or (and) anxiety symptoms.

Some medications for ADHD treatment must not be prescribed to patients with severe anxiety. Therefore, it is necessary to choose an individual course of medical treatment for children and adults with ADHD and comorbid anxiety disorders.

Some of the medications that must not be used in patients with ADHD and anxiety are Methylphenidate and Dexmethylphenidate. Children, adolescents and adults with ADHD know well these meds under the brand names Ritalin, Methylin, Quillivant, Daytrana, Metadate, Concerta and Focalin.

Marked anxiety is a contraindication for the use of Dexmethylphenidate and Methylphenidate meds for ADHD treatment. Therefore, patients with ADHD and anxiety should refrain from using these drugs.

One of the meds, which does not worsen anxiety symptoms in adults, adolescents and children with ADHD and anxiety disorders, is Strattera. Safety of Strattera for the patients with anxiety and ADHD is confirmed by the results of clinical trials.

If a child or adult was diagnosed with anxiety disorder in addition to ADHD, the treatment of these diseases should be conducted carefully. If anxiety symptoms are increased after you start using meds for ADHD treatment, be sure to discuss with your doctor the possibility of using other ADHD meds.

If ADHD meds cause panic attacks (anxiety attack) or depression symptoms, stop using them. If anxiety and depression symptoms are more pronounced than ADHD symptoms, a doctor can prescribe a course of antianxiety or antidepressant therapy.

It should be noted that children with ADHD and anxiety are less impulsive and aggressive than their peers with ADHD without anxiety. Therefore, doctors, who have no experience in treating ADHD, can incorrectly diagnose a type of psychoneurological disorder in a child and prescribe him a wrong treatment.

In adults, ADHD symptoms are less pronounced than in childhood and adolescence. Therefore, in adults, the problem of ADHD misdiagnosis with comorbid anxiety is as relevant as in childhood.

For proper diagnosis of ADHD and anxiety, a physician needs to observe the patient for a few weeks or months. The patient’s monitoring is necessary to identify all psycho-traumatic factors that contribute to the occurrence of anxiety.

If the symptoms of pronounced anxiety are observed in the patient with ADHD, the doctor can prescribe non-pharmacological treatment of anxiety disorder before prescribing ADHD meds.

The use of meds for ADHD treatment in the combination with meds for anxiety treatment can be contraindicated. Thus, psychotherapy is the only available method of anxiety treatment for many patients taking pills for ADHD treatment.

It should be noted that ADHD could be combined not only with anxiety, but also with other psychoemotional disorders, such as depression and social phobia.

Many symptoms of these disorders are the same as that of ADHD and anxiety. Therefore, a correct diagnosis of mental disorder is a key factor of successful treatment and rapid improvement of the person’s mental health.

ADD vs ADHD

ADD and ADHD are medical abbreviations, used in diagnosis and treatment of behavioral disorders in children and adults. ADHD and ADD are well-known abbreviations in the USA, UK, Ireland, Sweden, Iceland, Denmark, Netherlands, Norway, Finland, Canada, Malta and Australia.

ADD vs ADHD definitions

  • ADD – is an abbreviation of «attention deficit disorder» diagnosis.
  • ADHD – is an abbreviation on «attention deficit hyperactivity disorder» diagnosis.

These are interchangeable abbreviations, meaning identical diseases. Both behavioral disorders ADD and ADHD are characterized by similar symptoms that can be treated using the same medications.

In the medical literature, ADD and ADHD abbreviations are written through slash, while medical staff usually uses ADHD and ADD to describe the symptoms, signs, causes and methods of treatment of the same disorders.

ADD vs ADHD – adults and children

It should be noted that ADD (attention deficit disorder) is an archaic term, which is almost not used by doctors these days. The reason why ADD term is not popular anymore lies in its inaccuracy.

An overwhelming majority of children and adults with attention deficit disorder are overactive and excessively anxious as a rule. Therefore, the ADHD term (attention deficit hyperactivity disorder) characterizes the symptoms of this behavioral disorder more accurately.

Please note that hyperactivity is a symptom, mostly observed in childhood. Therefore, many people think of ADHD as of behavioral disorder in children in the first place.

Many people believe that ADHD (ADD) never occurs in adults. However, considering the fact that a lot of ADHD symptoms are similar to symptoms of mental disorder, adults with ADHD can be mistakenly diagnosed depression or anxiety.

Depression and ADD (ADHD) in adults and children are cured by means of different medications. Therefore, the diagnosis – is one of the key stages of treatment of behavioral disorders at any age.

ADD vs ADHD – diagnosis

The complexity of diagnosis of the behavioral disorders lies in that it has dozens of weakly pronounced signs and symptoms. Besides, ADHD (or ADD) are only diagnosed when a child or adult has several symptoms of the behavioral disorder at once.

ADD vs ADHD – differences

  • If a child or an adult is impulsive, inattentive and it is difficult for him to control his activity level, he is diagnosed with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder.
  • If a patient is inattentive, impulsive, yet is able to control his activity level, he is diagnosed with attention deficit disorder without hyperactivity.

Despite the differences between ADHD and ADD symptoms, for their treatment, doctors use the same meds. The most popular ADHD meds are sold under the trademarks Adderall, Strattera, Dexedrine, Ritalin and Concerta. You can find information on these and other meds for ADHD (ADD) treatment in the upcoming reviews.