Category Archives: ADHD Meds

Pills name ADHD

Get to Know the Most Popular ADHD Pills Name

Treatment of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder should be comprehensive and include behavioral techniques, psychotherapy, neuropsychological correction, etc. But the most effective are ADHD pills. However, only one ADHD pill name is the most popular than the others. The talk is about Ritalin. Though many ADD-ers choose Strattera instead, many kids who are diagnosed with ADD also use Vyvanse dermal patch.

During the treatment, the doctor involves not only the child, but his parents, family members and teachers. The doctor should explain the problems of the child’s relatives, so that they understand that his actions are not intentional and because of their personality characteristics, a child is unable to resolve any difficult situations. The doctor’s task is to change the attitude to the child towards a better understanding of it in order to reduce unnecessary stress around it.

Treating ADHD with Ritalin and Adderall in children

The child’s parents should be aware that the improvement of the child depends not only on special treatment, but largely also on the quiet, kind and consistent relationship to it. Raising a child with hyperactivity parents need to avoid two extremes: excessive self-pity and permissiveness, on the one hand, and on the other – posing in front of him increased demands that he is unable to perform. Frequent changes in indications and mood swings have on the parents of a child with ADHD is much more profound effects than healthy children have.

Related to ADHD violations, but a period of improvement the child reaches a long time. With the greatest difficulties faced by children with ADHD at school, so to aid in the treatment of the child should be involved teachers.

Kids need to take three pills of Ritalin per day to get healthy within few months, controlled by a treating psychotherapist.

Drug therapy is developed according to individual indications, when cognitive disorders and behavioral problems of a child or teenager with ADHD cannot be overcome by psychotherapeutic methods of correction.

The mostly used ADHD pills name is Ritalin that belongs to CNS stimulants. It is assumed that their action in ADHD is pathogenic, aimed at different neurotransmitter systems in the brain. A distinctive feature of CNS stimulants is their rapid action – the effect has been observed in the early days of treatment.

As an important indicator of therapeutic efficacy of CNS stimulants like Adderall or Ritalin considered improving the behavior of children with ADHD as a decrease in children distractibility, impulsivity, motor inhibition, together with the improvement of attention, fine motor skills, decrease excessive and inappropriate motor activity, disobedience and tendency to interfere with the other children. Such drugs include, in particular Adderall, Ritalin and Strattera.

Dangers of ADHD

Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder is considered a chronic disease that requires long-term, continuous monitoring and adjustment of symptoms, medications and other treatment programs. Although the symptoms may decrease over time, ADHD is usually not “out”. Patients can learn to manage their condition through behavioral techniques, which are often supported by medication.

Treatment of ADHD pills named Ritalin does not change completely this state, but focuses on controlling symptoms and improving the functioning of the sick person. Treatment usually includes a combination of stimulants. This is usually: Methylphenidate (Ritalin) and behavioral therapy (for older children and adults can also be used other drugs). Treatment often involves a systematic approach that includes a doctor for the child, other health professionals, parents and teachers.

Besides Ritalin as the most common ADHD pills name, several types of medications are used to treat attention deficit disorder:

  • Stimulants. These are the main drugs used to treat ADHD. Although these drugs stimulate the central nervous system (CNS), they have a calming effect on people with ADHD. These drugs include methylphenidate and amphetamine. These drugs increase dopamine neurotransmitter that is important for cognitive functions – such as attention.
  • Alpha-2 agonists. Alpha-2 agonists stimulate neurotransmitter noradrenaline, which may be important for concentration. These include Clonidine and Guanfacine. Alpha-2 agonists are used for Tourette’s syndrome and may be useful when other drugs cannot help children with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder with severe impulsivity and aggression. These drugs may be prescribed in combination with stimulants.
  • Antidepressants. Since antidepressants work as well as behavioral therapy, doctors recommend the use of antidepressants before the first attempt at psychotherapy.

ADHD meds for studying

Using ADHD Pills for Studying

Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is a neurological-behavioral developmental disorder that begins in childhood. Manifested by symptoms such as difficulty concentrating, hyperactivity and impulsivity, poorly managed. Some ADHD pills are also used for studying.  ADHD and its treatment is controversial starting from 1970s. The existence of ADHD is a still a subject doubt a number of doctors, teachers, politicians, parents and the media. Some people believe that ADHD does not exist at all, while others believe that there are genetic and physiological causes of this condition.

Symptoms of ADHD in an adult person:

  • Inability to keep the attention on the details; due to negligence, carelessness makes mistakes in schoolwork, work performed and in other activities.
  • Usually hardly keeps attention in tasks or during games.
  • Often the impression that the child does not listen to speech addressed to him.
  • It is often not able to adhere to the proposed regulations and to cope with the implementation by the end of duties in the workplace.
  • Often has difficulty in organizing self-assignments and other activities.
  • Usually avoids involvement in the performance of tasks that require long-term conservation of mental effort (such as schoolwork, homework).
  • Often loses things needed in school and at home (books, tools, etc).
  • Easily distracted by outside factors.
  • Shows forgetfulness often in everyday situations.

Impulsiveness is the most common syndrome. Ritalin as well as Vyvanse and Strattera are most common ADHD pills for studying that can fix this syndrome. However, it can be dangerous to use ADHD pills for studying purposes only since they increase alertness and concentration

Causes of ADHD

The exact cause of ADHD is not known, but there are several theories. Causes of organic disorders like ADHD may be:

  • General deterioration of the environmental situation;
  • Infections of the mother during pregnancy and the effects of stimulant drugs, alcohol, drugs, smoking in this period;
  • Immunological incompatibility;
  • Threats of miscarriage;
  • Chronic diseases of a pregnant mother;
  • Premature, transient or prolonged labor, induction of labor, poisoning, anesthesia and cesarean section;
  • Generic complications (entwining his umbilical cord) leading to fetal spine injuries, asphyxia, internal cerebral hemorrhage;
  • Any disease of infants with fever and acceptance of potent drugs;
  • Asthma, pneumonia, heart failure, diabetes, kidney disease can act as factors that disrupt the normal functioning of the brain.

Why to use ADHD pills for studying?

In different countries, approaches to the treatment and correction of ADHD and the available methods may vary. However, despite these differences, the majority of experts believe the most effective integrated approach that combines several methods, individually tailored to each case. The methods are behavior modification, psychotherapy, educational and neuropsychological correction. But for kids it is desirable to reduce dosage if they need ADHD pills for studying.

The drug therapy is prescribed according to individual indications in cases where violations of the cognitive and behavioral problems in a child with ADHD cannot be overcome only with the help of non-drug methods.”In the United States is used for the treatment of Ritalin. Ritalin as well as similar ADHD pills for studying can be also prescribed but only in rare cases. That is why if you agree to use Ritalin properly you can buy ADHD pills for studying online. Be careful when taking ADHD pills without a prescription.

 

 

About adhd symptoms

External ADHD Symptoms and Effects

Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) is basically CNS dysfunction (mainly the frontal cortex and the reticular formation of the brain), which is manifested difficulty sustaining attention and concentration, impaired learning and memory, excessive motor activity (hyperactivity) and incontinence (impulsivity). ADHD is common among younger students.

The main ADHD symptom is “violation of attention.” Attention deficits characteristic of all children with this syndrome, and hyperactivity is not always the case. ADHD is divided into two classes: attention deficit disorder and hyperactivity “and attention deficit disorder without hyperactivity.

What causes ADHD:

  • Imbalance and disruption of production of neurotransmitters (catecholamine, serotonin, etc.);
  • Lack of control and “quenching” behavior in septal hippocampus system (SHS);
  • Dysfunction of the frontal lobe of brain.

ADHD is associated with the formation of various substances (flavorings, food additives, excessive consumption of sugar, impaired glucose metabolism, food allergies, lack of magnesium and iron, high content of lead in the body, and others.) ADHD is determined by mutations in three genes that regulate dopamine metabolism.

There are several forms of ADHD with different symptoms:

  • Attention deficit disorder without hyperactivity – ADD;
  • Combined syndrome with hyperactivity;
  • Complicated form (with ADHD symptoms of neurotic variants of the combined version);
  • ADHD-H (genetic origin);
  • ADHD-0 (organic origin);
  • ADHD-OG (mixed origin);
  • ADHD-Cr (cryptogenic).

Emotional disturbances are common among ADHD symptoms. In emotional development goes, tend to lag behind that imbalance manifests, temper, intolerance to defeat.

Social and behavioral ADHD symptoms

Social and behavioral aspects of these children are important because of the spreading everywhere negative influence on their peers. In children, there are difficulties in relations with their not only peers but also adults. Interpersonal behavior of children with ADHD is often characterized by impulsiveness, excessiveness, persistence, disorganization, impressionability, aggression and emotion. Thus, these children violate social relationships, communication and cooperation.

Behavioral disorders along with ADHD symptoms are common, but not always; not all children with ADHD suffer from behavioral disorders. In children with ADHD more often bedwetting, they are worse than falling asleep and in the morning is often manifested drowsiness.

Studies have shown that impulsivity and hyperactivity in adolescence, many reduced even if there are other violations. People who suffered from a severe form of childhood ADHD in adolescence and adulthood cannot adapt socially.

ADHD (usually in combination with behavioral disorders) may indicate a variety of personality disorders. ADHD contributes to the development of alcoholism and drug addiction, which hide his symptoms and make it difficult to diagnose.

Common physiological ADHD symptoms

ADHD is caused by mild residual brain injury, which includes the presence of light diffuse neurological symptoms, impaired coordination, hyperactivity, moderately expressed sensors and motor system, speech disorders, behavioral disorders, increased distractibility, lack of skills, the specific difficulties of learning combined with a delay in the formation of language and speech.

ADHD symptoms are almost always appears to 7 years. Average age to see a doctor is 8-10 years, since it is at this age learning and household duties requires the child to independence, concentration and determination. Children at earlier age can be diagnosed with ADHD at first contact with the doctor usually does not give, and wait a few months, during which symptoms must persist.

More than half of children who have been diagnosed with ADHD in the primary grades, have kept this syndrome in adolescence, which is accompanied by a concomitant condition. These teens tend to use psychoactive drugs, struggling to adapt to the team. In 30-70% of cases, the symptoms of ADHD persist in adults.

 

 

ADHD medications for children

The Most Widely Used ADHD Medications for Children

ADHD in children is treated in the same way as Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder in adults. ADHD is a syndrome characterized by behavioral disorders, neurological disorders, impaired concentration, impulsivity, hyperactivity, impaired social function and impaired learning. ADHD in children (boys and girls) in the absence of serious treatment goes to attention deficit hyperactivity disorder in adults (men and women).

ADHD medications for children

Children often suffer from ADHD. According to private medical practice, ADHD is observed in 7.8% of children. Boys suffer from ADHD 3.6 times more often than girls. Attention deficit disorder and hyperactivity often diagnosed between the ages of 5 to 9 years.

Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder in the United States causes suffering in 7.8% of children aged from 4 to 17 years. Despite the fact that this disorder in the United States is considered incurable, today has developed a number of drugs and psychotherapeutic techniques to smooth out some of the manifestations of hyperactivity. In fact, the number of hyperactive children in the United States, according to our data, according to the social workers in the United States, is now around 25-50% depending on the age and depth of the violations.

Today in the United States uses the analogy of the famous Ritalin, prohibited since January 2003 for use in the United States (and that leaves only Strattera as one of the safest ADHD medications for children). Strattera really well modifies the behavior of a child with ADHD, but, admittedly, does not eliminate the cause of hyperactivity. That is, solve the problem of parents and teachers, but not a child with ADHD. And, unfortunately, this behavior becomes more ordered only against the background of the drug. Moreover, one of the reasons for his ban was pronounced “withdrawal.” In other words, when the parents are out of forgetfulness or other reasons conceded while taking Ritalin, a child with their words, became “rabid rabbit.”

Impaired attention and lack of concentration are the most common symptoms of ADHD in children

If a neurologist or psychologist diagnosed ADHD, you need as soon as possible to pass a comprehensive treatment. If your child is inattentive, restless, ltoo mobile, too active, bad student, performs poorly homework, poor and poorly behaved at home or at school, prevents the teacher to teach a class, hyperdynamic syndrome, inadequate games, seek solution to the problems to a specialist.

If you notice a violation of the child’s attention and memory, impaired concentration, modal nonspecific attention disorders, attention deficit disorder with hyperactivity, impaired activity and attention, with attention deficit disorder that should be treated with specific ADHD medications. Usually the drugs are the same ones as for adults but the dose is significantly reduced.

Ginkgo Biloba as an alternative to ADHD medications for children

Ginkgo is a natural product used for the prevention of organic changes in the cells of the brain and restore functions of the central nervous system. It is produced from the leaves of the relict tree Ginkgo Biloba, preserved from the time of the dinosaurs. In 2006, Ginkgo Biloba took 5th place in terms of sales in the world of non-chemical products.  Ginkgo Biloba normalizes brain and coronary circulation, restores degraded because of age-related changes in memory, hearing, sight, speech and motor functions, restores the elasticity and strength of blood vessels, prevents thrombosis and cerebral coronary artery and restores blood-brain barrier.

What ADHD medications for children are used?

  1. Ritalin pills

Pharmacotherapy is one of the variants of a multimodal approach to treat ADHD. Although stimulants (methylphenidate, amphetamine, dexamphetamine) are the drugs of choice of some antidepressants, they have a positive effect in the treatment of ADHD.  Methylphenidate is the most widely used ADHD medication for chidlren. There are also some common medications with this active component is Meridia. Methylphenidate is a central nervous system stimulant.

  1. Strattera pills

To achieve a positive effect for patients ADHD main goal of treatment is dopamine system of the brain. The most current neurobiological problem of ADHD can be interpreted as a fault of the transport system of dopamine. These transporters are responsible for the reuptake of dopamine from the synoptic space in the nerve cells. If the activity (or the number of carriers) is too high then the available level of dopamine is too low.

ADHD Pills for Adults

Various ADHD Pills for Adults

Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (mostly called as ADD or ADHD) stands for a neurological-behavioral social disorder that develops in early childhood and may continue in adulthood if to ignore its symptoms in school years.  ADHD is characterized by such symptoms as difficulties with concentration, hyperactivity and impulsivity. Children have lighter symptoms than adults with ADD do.

From the neurological point of view, ADHD is considered as persistent and chronic syndrome that can’t be fully cured but, luckily, can be controlled by means of ADHD pills for adults. Many children “outgrow” this syndrome while many school-aged teenagers continue having some or all symptoms of ADD even in young adulthood. In order to prevent the further development of this social disorder it is recommended to take an advantage of ADHD pills.

Symptoms of ADHD in adults

ADHD in adults develops a bit differently than in children. Adults with ADHD may chronically be late for work and important meetings because they simply can’t follow the regulations and control their lives up this level. Their tempers are also different from other people – characterized by the high level of unexplained anxiety, lack of organization and in many cases such people just don’t know how to relax. Other possible symptoms of ADHD in adults are mood swings, low self-esteem and inability to control anger.

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About ADHD – 3

Most people know that attention deficit and hyperactivity disorder syndrome (ADHD) is characterized by inability to concentrate, excessive impulsiveness, hyperactivity and anxiety. The ADHD diagnosis can only be confirmed if the behavioral disorders have been observed during long period of time. Usually, ADHD develops in childhood (in children of 3 to 6 years old). Still, there is a chance that symptoms of this behavioral disorder may occur in children, later observed in teenagers and adults.

It were American scientists, who have claimed that ADHD is a neurobehavioral disorder. Therefore namely the USA was the country that developed special standards to diagnose the ADHD. These standards were represented on public in “Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders”.

This manual states that in order to diagnose ADHD in childhood, one should necessarily consider the level of physical, emotional, mental and social development of a child. Mandatory point is monitoring of child’s behavior in different situations, including: home, school and relationships with friends.

There are three types of ADHD:

*  ADHD with predominant attention deficit;

*  ADHD with predominant hyperactivity and impulsiveness;

*  combined ADHD, including all the listed symptoms

 

The ADHD therapy involves a complex approach: psycho-educational therapy and drug therapy. For better control over the ADHD symptoms, the FDA has approved two types of ADHD meds: the CNS stimulants and non-stimulant agents.

Regardless of the type of ADHD meds, these drugs can be prescribed for patients over 6 years old only. An overwhelming majority of people, are recommended to begin the behavioral disorder therapy with ADHD meds that stimulate the CNS.

*  CNS stimulants and ADHD treatment

Usually doctors prescribe ADHD meds, containing active substance, called Methylphenidate. On pharmaceutical market, these ADHD meds are available under the trade names: Concerta, APO-Methylphenidate, Daytrana, Biphentin, Metadate, PMS-Methylphenidate, Methylin, PHL-Methylphenidate and Ritalin.

The duration of pharmacological effect of the listed ADHD meds depends on the dosage forms (tablets, capsules, solution, suspension and patch). Therapeutic effect of these ADHD meds is achieved by increasing the dopamine neurotransmitters in the brain, influencing on the mental activity, attention and motivation.

* Non-stimulant agents and ADHD treatment

The first non-stimulant ADHD medication was norepinephrine reuptake inhibitor Atomoxetine. The CNS norepinephrine controls the activity of brain receptors, regulating the speed of reaction, attention and impulsiveness.

Non-stimulant ADHD meds are prescribed in case the CNS stimulants do not provide the expected therapeutic effect, or if person is contraindicated to use medications, stimulating the CNS.

Unlike the CNS stimulants, non-stimulant ADHD meds never cause the drug dependence in patients. The truth is that all medications, affecting the CNS (ADHD meds included) can stimulate mental and (or) physical addiction. Therefore ADHD meds that stimulate the CNS cannot be prescribed for patients, who have or have had alcohol and (or) drug addiction.

It is also important that failure to comply with dose regimen of ADHD meds worsens the control over the ADHD symptoms. Because when person misses a dose of ADHD meds, the behavioral disorder symptoms become worse, therefore effectiveness of ADHD medical treatment decreases.

But if person abuses ADHD meds, he may become tolerant to their therapeutic properties. So, further use of ADHD meds becomes impractical. That is why one should take every other dose of ADHD meds at one and the same time and observe the daily dose the doctor prescribed.

popular adhd meds

Attention deficit and hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is a neurobehavioral developmental disorder, characterized by inattentiveness or hyperactivity and impulsive behavior. Often ADHD is manifested in children of school age and persists for the entire life.

ADHD cannot be completely cured or prevented. However modern diagnostics and ADHD meds combined with behavioral therapy help to take the ADHD symptoms under control and minimize negative consequences of destructive behavior.

The use of ADHD meds allowed many people to develop their social skills, to learn to concentrate, to be productive and successful. So there are no compelling reasons to refuse from ADHD treatment. At least this reason is not some contraindication for ADHD meds.

In modern medicine, ADHD meds are divided into stimulants and non-stimulants of the CNS. The first CNS stimulants, approved by the FDA for ADHD treatment, are:

*  Amphetamine mixed salts (Adderall trademark);

*  Methylphenidate (trademarks: Concerta, Daytrana, Metadate, Methylin and Ritalin).

Later the ADHD meds list was replenished by such CNS stimulant medications as:

*  Dextroamphetamine (trademark Dexedrine);

*  Dexmethylphenidate (trademark Focalin);

*  Lisdexamfetamine (trademark Vyvanse).

The ADHD meds listed above help to increase the levels of neurotransmitters of dopamine in the brain. Exactly this feature of ADHD meds helps to improve attention and control hyperactivity.

The fact that ADHD meds, stimulating the CNS, allow to control the behavioral disorders, proves that:

* some meds listed above, have been successfully used for the ADHD treatment for decades.

The main disadvantage of the first ADHD meds is that they had short-term therapeutic activity. Therefore they had to be taken several times a day. Along with studying the disease and developing the pharmaceutics, scientists kept working over ADHD meds that are now available in various dosage forms, causing:

*  short-term effect (oral solution, oral suspension)

*  medium-term effect (chewable tablets, coated pills)

*  long-term effect (extended release pills, transdermal patch)

It must be said that ADHD meds, stimulating the CNS, can be contraindicated for patients, whose behavioral disorder is associated with any other disease.

In this case, doctor should prescribe the ADHD meds that do not affect the CNS functions, such ADHD meds as:

*  Atomoxetine (trademark Strattera);

*  Clonidine (trademark Kapvay);

*  Guanfacine (trademark Intuniv).

Using non-stimulants ADHD meds helps to control the ADHD symptoms in children and adults as effectively as the CNS stimulants. But in some cases, non-stimulant ADHD meds are the only option to stop the progression of ADHD symptoms and improve the quality of life.

The FDA approved ADHD meds significantly relieve the ADHD symptoms. But when they are taken along with behavioral therapy, they can eliminate the impulsiveness and hyperactivity, and also speed up the adaptation of a person to changing conditions of the social environment.

Proper use of ADHD meds reduces the risk of side effects to minimum. And at the beginning of ADHD treatment, potential ADHD meds side effects are: dizziness, trouble sleeping, abdominal pain and appetite loss. The ADHD meds side effects are usually mild and do not require termination of medicamentous therapy.

One should abandon the use of ADHD meds in case cardiovascular side effects arise during the treatment course. Before starting the treatment with ADHD meds, one must make sure that a child or adult is not subject to risk of stroke, heart attack or any other cardiovascular disorders.

About ADHD meds – 2

Nowadays the diagnosis of ADHD is complicated by that it is a multifactor neurological disorder, which symptoms rise gradually. But the lack or untimely ADHD treatment in children may cause the ADHD symptoms in adults. Typical ADHD symptoms for children and adults are as follows:

 

*  the lack of interest and attention to concrete task;

*  difficult self-realization to fulfill the certain task;

*  unwillingness to perform task, requiring long concentration;

*  inattention, carelessness, forgetfulness and frequent loss of personal things;

*  systemic distraction from the task by outside stimuli;

*  anxious, chaotic or rhythmic movements by feet and (or) hands;

*  pointless, spontaneous motor activity and impulsiveness;

* chattiness and lack of attention to what the interlocutor says.

Given that children’s ADHD symptoms are almost the same as ADHD symptoms arising in mature age, children and adults are prescribed with the same medications for ADHD treatment. Despite active growth of the pharmaceutical industry, today’s ADHD therapy involves ADHD meds, developed about 60 years ago.

Although we must admit that there are more modern ADHD meds, developed in 21st century. However it doesn’t mean that traditional ADHD drugs, studied for over several decades, are less effective than new ADHD meds.

This statement is proved by the fact that Methylphenidate medication was approved by the FDA for ADHD treatment back in 1955. But until now, it stays the most-prescribed medication for ADHD treatment and its production is carried out by several largest pharmaceutical companies.

ADHD meds that contain active pharmaceutical ingredient Methylphenidate, is available in various dosage forms. Thus, ADHD meds, containing Methylphenidate, come in: chewable pills, oral solution or suspension, oral tablets or capsules and even transdermal patch.

It is also important that Methylphenidate is available in a large scale of dosages. Therefore according to the severity of ADHD symptoms, doctor can prescribe his patient an optimal daily dosage of this medication. Despite the fact that Methylphenidate is one of the most popular ADHD meds, some children and adult people are contraindicated to use it.

Taking into account contraindications for use of Methylphenidate, the doctor can prescribe some alternative ADHD meds that can relieve the symptoms of neurological disorder. There are several ADHD meds on modern pharmaceutical market, which can be taken instead of Methylphenidate.

For instance, such ADHD meds as Dexmethylphenidate and Dextroamphetamine are no less effective than Methylphenidate. But due to the fact that the clinical experience with the treatment of ADHD meds is much longer, doctors prefer to administer their patients namely this medication more than others.

There are combined ADHD meds on sale, each of which consists of several pharmaceutical ingredients. For example, Adderall medication contains mixed salts of amphetamine products, such as Dextroamphetamine (in form of saccharate and sulfate) and Amphetamine (in form of monohydrate and sulfate).

Just as Methylphenidate, Adderall is used for the treatment of ADHD since the middle of the last century and all potential risks for health (caused by its usage) are well known. The only reason why Adderall is prescribed for ADHD treatment more rarely than Methylphenidate, it is big number of contraindications for use.

Note that it doesn’t matter what ADHD meds were prescribed to a patient, they must be terminated immediately if these meds caused cardiovascular side effects. If ADHD meds provoke palpitation, high blood pressure or chest pain, one must stop the ADHD treatment course and tell a doctor about appearing side effects.

About adhd meds

ADHD is the most common neurological disorder in children and adolescents. This neurological disorder is less frequently diagnosed in adults. Main ADHD symptoms in children are:

*  motor hyperactivity and excessive impulsivity;

*  impaired concentration and distractibility;

*  difficulties in relationships with others (including peers);

*  behavioral disorder and learning difficulties.

 

ADHD symptoms are similar in children and adults. Despite the fact that an adult person is much easier to control ADHD symptoms, patient’s age does not affect the choice of effective and safe medication for ADHD treatment.

It should be noted that some ADHD meds are available in different dosage forms. So, if a child or adult has difficulty swallowing oral tablets or capsules, it is better to choose ADHD meds, made in the form of oral suspension, oral solution, chewable pills or transdermal patch.

Methylphenidate is one of the few ADHD meds which is available in different dosage forms. This medication was developed in the middle of the last century and is still prescribed for ADHD treatment due to its high efficiency and safety.

Term of patent protection for the the invention of pharmaceutical substance  Methylphenidate expired more than 40 years ago. So, today ADHD meds, containing Methylphenidate are manufactured by several pharmaceutical companies around the world.

ADHD treatment is not the only indication for the medications, containing active ingredient Methylphenidate. Some patients are prescribed Methylphenidate to treat narcolepsy, the symptoms of which are daytime sleepiness and sudden loss of muscle tone.

Methylphenidate is not the only CNS stimulant, prescribed to treat ADHD in children and adults. If ADHD meds, containing Methylphenidate are contraindicated, CNS stimulant Dextroamphetamine can be prescribed for the effective control of ADHD symptoms.

Like Methylphenidate, Dextroamphetamine has the property to reduce hyperactivity and impulsivity, as well as to improve concentration. Efficiency of both ADHD meds (Methylphenidate and Dextroamphetamine) is almost identical. Taken into account that these ADHD meds affect CNS functions, a person may experience headache, insomnia and anxiety after their use.

In order to reduce the likelihood of side effects from CNS, one should start taking ADHD meds with minimum daily doses. ADHD meds, stimulating CNS should be discontinued gradually, daily reducing their daily dose.

If side effects are strongly pronounced while using CNS stimulants, a child, adolescent or adult person may be advised to abandon their use and to take non-stimulant ADHD meds (for example, Atomoxetine) as an alternative.

Given that non-stimulant ADHD meds do not affect CNS functions, the risk of insomnia, anxiety and headache does not increase after their use. So, non-stimulant ADHD meds are recommended in case if a patient with ADHD experiences the symptoms of anxiety disorder or depression.

After using non-stimulant ADHD meds, one can experience gastrointestinal side effects (nausea, vomiting, abdominal pain). However like CNS stimulants, non-stimulant ADHD meds can suppress appetite and cardiovascular side effects may occur in some patients after their use.

Optimal daily dose of any ADHD meds depends on the severity of neurological symptoms, age and (or) weight of a person. If weight of adult patient is less than 70 kg, he is usually prescribed minimum or average daily doses of ADHD meds. Maximum daily doses of ADHD meds can be prescribed only to patients with severe neurological symptoms or patients with body weight significantly exceeds the norm.

ADHD meds

ADHD is a behavioral disorder, diagnosed both in children and adults. Feature of ADHD in children is a disorder of situational adaptation, characterized by hypersensitivity, impulsivity and violation of attention in various situations.

ADHD symptoms in adults are identical to ADHD symptoms in children. However unlike children, adults are able to adapt to ADHD. So, this neurological disorder does not affect the social activity of adults as negative as the social activity of children.

To treat ADHD non-stimulant ADHD meds and meds, stimulating central nervous system (CNS) can be prescribed to children and adults. Given that  ADHD in adults is very often associated with other neurological disorders (for example, insomnia), adults can be prescribed ADHD meds in combination with other meds.

 

List of ADHD meds

ADHD meds for adults and kids are produced by several pharmaceutical companies. So, at regional pharmaceutical markets they can go on sale under dozens of different trade names. It should be noted that ADHD meds for adults and ADHD meds for kids may contain the same pharmaceutical ingredient, the only differences between them are dosage form and price.

For example, a new ADHD medication Quillivant, containing an active substance Methylphenidate went on sale in 2012. Indication for the use of oral suspension Quillivant is ADHD treatment in children from 6 up to 12 years. Although, oral solution Methylin which also contains Methylphenidate is sold at pharmacies for over 10 years and is prescribed for ADHD treatment not only in children over 6 years but also adults.

Oral ADHD meds, containing Methylphenidate (tablets, capsules) are also available for sale under trade names: Metadate, Concerta, Equasym and Ritalin. Noteworthy that Methylphenidate is one of the few ADHD meds for children and adolescents, which is available in transdermal patches and chewing tablets (Daytrana patch and Daytrana pills).

Hypersensitivity to pharmaceutical substance Methylphenidate can be diagnosed in adults and children. So, they can be prescribed other ADHD meds. Lisdexamfetamine can be prescribed as an alternative to one of the most prescribed ADHD medicine Methylphenidate.

Like Methylphenidate, Lisdexamfetamine is a CNS stimulant. Therapeutic efficiency of these ADHD meds is almost identical. However, unlike to Methylphenidate which is available in different dosage forms, Lisdexamfetamine is produced only in capsules for oral administration.

Lack of alternative dosage forms of Lisdexamfetamine significantly limits its use in pediatric patients. After all, if a child refuses using usual oral ADHD meds, parents should discuss with the doctor the possibility of replacement oral tablets and capsules for chewing pills, solution, suspension or transdermal patch.

If a child or adult experiences nervousness, insomnia or other side effects from CNS when using CNS stimulants for ADHD treatment, the taken meds can be replaced by non-stimulant ADHD meds. The most modern non-stimulant medicine for ADHD treatment is Atomoxetine. This medicine is available for sale for over 10 years under trade name Strattera.

Advantage of Atomoxetine over CNS stimulants is that the risk of headache and insomnia is almost absent after its oral use. However, like in the CNS stimulants, side effect of non-stimulant ADHD meds can be a decreased appetite. So, they should not be used in children, adolescents and adults with anorexia.

Regardless of patient’s age, it is necessary to assess the functions of cardiovascular system before to start using ADHD meds. If cardiovascular side effects (tachycardia, increased blood pressure) occur in the period of using ADHD meds, one should stop ADHD treatment and consult a health care professional.