Category Archives: Anti-depressants

Aerobic exercise for depression

Depressive condition impacts roughly on 10% of the U.S. adult population every year & it’s estimated that approximately 18% of all U.S. population will go through a major depressive disorder (MDD) during some points during their lifetime.

Depressive condition is a mental disorder which reasons low mood, fatigue, decreased self-esteem & other corporeal signs. It impacts on about 11% of all people once for a while. Generally, depressed persons treated in primary care features receive pharmacologic therapy alone.

There are different ways to improve the symptoms of depression treatment. The most effective is the use of certain medical preparation that can be bought online. However, there are non-drug methods of depression therapy that can be tried along with the drug use. One of such methods is doing regular aerobic exercise for depression.

The latest medical trials about aerobic exercise as MDD therapy

Department of Psychiatry at the University of Texas (to be clear – Southwestern Medical Center) initiated the research in 2014 to understand how to treat aerobic exercise for depression. The investigators surveyed accessible files applied from randomized controlled trials, with the goal of evolving detailed tips for clinicians on how to prescribe exercise for patients suffering from medical depressive condition.

Investigators suggest that for a sufficient treatment with aerobic exercise for depression it is enough 3-5 exercise sessions per week, for 45 to 60 mins per session to get long-term positive effects. For immunity training, researchers advised a variety of upper & lessened body exercises. The aerobic exercise regimen for treating MDD ought to be continued for at least 3-4 months to get the most of your anti-depression treatment.

Coping with depressive condition by denotes of aerobic exercise

The benefits of exercise — improving corporeal condition & fighting disorder —have been established & physicians always encourage staying active for people getting MDD.

Exercise can drop stress. Regular aerobic exercise for depression is capable to reduce fatigue, improve alertness & concentration, elaborate overall cognitive option. Such might be specifically helpful as stress has depleted yours energy or power to concentrate.

The trick is that ant fitness or aerobic exercise for depression produce endorphins — chemicals in the brain which act as natural painkillers — and also improve stable sleep patterns that decrease stress.

About 5 mins of aerobic exercise as the part of your anti-depression treatment can stimulate anti-anxiety changes in your brain.

What aerobic exercises for depressive condition really help?

  • Practice cold weather exercises. Exercise in layers of clothes which you can delete as you start to sweat & put back on as needed;
  • Recruit an “exercise buddy.” It’s frequently simpler to stick to yours exercise routine as you’ve to stay committed to a friend;
  • Set tiny daily goals & aim for daily consistency rather than perfect workouts. It’s preferable to walk every day for 20 mins than to wait until a single 4-hour fitness marathon;
  • Jogging, walking hiking or simply dancing 3-5 times a week for at least 30 mins;
  • Find enjoyable forms of exercises. Extroverted people prefer group activities. Introverted patients like solo workouts.

How frequently you must do aerobic exercise for depression?

The studies reviewed represented a range of exercise schedules — from 2-5 sessions per week & lasting from between 30 -60 mins per session.  Physicians who want to help to cure depression strongly advise regular exercise at least thrice per week for 45-60 mins for the best mood-improving benefits.

The intensity rate of aerobic exercise is commonly measured as a percentage of a heart rate at its maximum for a certain person. You ought to aim to exercise at 60-80% of yours heart rate (HR) to achieve the maximal efficacy from aerobic exercise for depression.

Is aerobic exercise for depression capable to replace medications?

No, such exercises can only serve as the additional method of getting rid from symptoms of MDD. If you plan to stay on a budget while taking advantage of antidepressants, you may consider buying generic (FDA confirmed) analogues to the most popular pills like generic Alprazolam instead of original Xanax.

Antidepressants list

The Antidepressants List for Treating MDD

Occasional feelings of sadness can be experienced for time to time by most of us. But when you start feeling sad more often than happy, it is a signal that you might have a medical condition called major depressive disorder (MDD) or one of its types. Although with proper drug therapy even harsh signs of depressive condition can eventually improve.

What drugs belong to the antidepressants list?

There’s a long antidepressants lists that has been already confirmed for use by the Food and Drug Administration in the United States and other health organizations in countries all over the world. Bear in mind that the following antidepressants list covers the different types of meds for curing different types of depression and only a specialist can assign this or that pill for treating your symptoms of depressive disorder.

  1. Selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (a.k.a. SSRIs)

SSRIs are the most widespread type of antidepressants lists offered as first-choice pills for people suffering from MDD and generalized anxiety disorder (GAD). An SSRI antidepressants list features well-recognized medical preparations like Prozac & Zoloft. Among other popular SSRIs are: Celexa, Lexapro, Fluoxetine, Fluvoxamine, Paroxetine and Viibryd.

  1. The list of atypical antidepressants

There’re a variety of newer atypical antidepressants acting like powerful neurotransmitters improving the levels of serotonin in a human’s brain.

For instance, as the most effective atypical antidepressant Wellbutrin blocks the absorption of the neurotransmitters norepinephrine and dopamine (responsible for feeling drowsy and down). Cymbalta, Effexor and Remeron impact on both serotonin and norepinephrine levels.

Among all items in the common antidepressant list, Wellbutrin also serves as the best choice if fatigue or sleepiness is a major concern for people suffering from MDD.

  1. Serotonin & norepinephrine reuptake inhibitors (a.k.a. SNRIs)

Similar to SSRIs, SNRIs modulate the levels norepinephrine in your brain along with serotonin. There’re fewer medical preparations of this antidepressants list compared to other drug classes. The most used SNRIs are: Desvenlafaxine, Duloxetine, Milnacipran, Venlafaxine. They perfectly calm nerves and cause elevated mood. They are the newest antidepressants in the current list of meds assigned for MDD.

  1. Monoamine oxidase inhibitors (a.k.a. MAOIs)

MAOIs stand for the older class of antidepressants that alter more chemicals in the brain than either SSRI or SNRIs can but with more serious adverse reactions. Besides, all antidepressants from the list of MAOIs badly interfere with many food products. The most prescribed MAOIs are: Marplan, Nardil and Parnate. More and more therapists prefer to use MAOIs only in the cases when other pills turned out to be ineffective.

  1. Tricyclics

Tricyclic agents are also the old class of antidepressants. Antidepressants in this list are not generally chosen as primary-line therapy because of many side consequences. But they can be very effectual for people suffering from suicidal thoughts and for those who are seeking immediate relief from depression. The most common tricyclics include:  Amitriptyline, Amoxapine, Imipramine, Nortryptyline, Clomipramine, Desipramine, Trimipramine, Protriptyline, Maprotiline and Doxepin.

  1. Other antidepressants

There’s a long list of antidepressants which don’t fit any other class. They are relatively new or experimental and have unique mechanisms of action onto a brain of a person having one or another depressive condition. The most effective and confirmed for use antidepressants in this list are:  Bupropion, Buspirone, Maprotiline, Mirtazapine, Reboxetine, Trazodone and Vilazodone.

What signs of depressive conditions might be treated with antidepressants?

Despite your doctor’s choice on certain preparations from the available antidepressants list, all of the pills will help to cope with such symptoms of MDD:

  • Thoughts of death or suicide;
  • Weight reduction or gain;
  • Sleep changes;
  • Loss of interest in enjoyable activities;
  • Anger or frustration without a cause;
  • Sadness;
  • Feelings of worthlessness.

The antidepressants list: what effects to expect?

As you can guess by their name, antidepressants are assigned to cure depressive condition. Nevertheless, they are applied to cure different mood disorders like dysthymia (low-grade bipolar disorder). Many people choose to buy antidepressants because they are expected to impact on the body in different ways with one purpose – to ease the feelings of sadness and decreased physical activity.

The whole idea behind antidepressants is to improve one’s mood. But such medical preparations carry with them the possible side consequences. That is why buy antidepressants from the list in online drugstores only if you are 100% sure in their efficacy for your depressive condition.

Side effects of antidepressants

In the case of diagnosis of mental disorders, doctors prescribe drugs called antidepressants. This review will allow learning more about antidepressants and side effects they cause.

Mechanism of antidepressants action is aimed at the normalization of metabolism in the central nervous system (CNS), particularly in the brain. Antidepressants affect the level of biologically active chemical substances (neurotransmitters) that transmit signals from one nerve cell to another.

The brain is the main organ of the central nervous system, so side effects of antidepressants are well studied. Clinical studies of antidepressants revealed that they regulate the level of serotonin and norepinephrine in the brain, thus creating the possibility for psychotherapy and the patient’s recovery.

It is important to know that antidepressants do not immediately begin to work. It may take 2-3 weeks before the positive effect will be achieved. Herewith, side effects of antidepressants may occur after the intake of one pill.

People taking antidepressants should not be disappointed if there is no effect at the beginning of treatment. After 2-3 weeks of using antidepressants, symptoms of mental disorders should be reduced. If this does not happen, inform the attending psychiatrist.

Just as any other medications, antidepressants may cause adverse reactions. Generally, they appear in the early treatment of disease and decrease over time or even disappear. If not, one of the methods of reducing side effects of antidepressants can be used.

The duration and severity of side effects of antidepressants depend on the type of used medication. First generation antidepressants are characterized by nonselective action on the metabolism in the CNS. Their use is often accompanied with the development of a plurality of negative reactions.

Nevertheless, the first generation antidepressants have a powerful psychotropic activity. However, a large number of side effects and reactions arising from the interaction with other medications has led to the need to create the second-generation antidepressants, and subsequently, the third generation antidepressants.

What side effects can cause antidepressants?

Most of side effects of antidepressants is related to the interference in the metabolism and neurotransmitters function. This interference is carried out by means of several mechanisms: inhibition of monoamine oxidase (MAO), the effect on the monoamines reuptake (dopamine, noradrenaline and serotonin) and increase or stimulation of neurotransmitters release.

High doses and prolonged use of tricyclic antidepressants lead to the occurrence of cardiotoxic effects. Side effects of tricyclic antidepressants include arrhythmia, tachycardia, and decrease in the contractile activity of the myocardium.

During the use of tricyclic antidepressants, a person may experience allergic skin reactions, jaundice, tremors, convulsions, headache, euphoria and sexual dysfunction (especially in elderly men).

Antidepressants of MAO inhibitors group can also cause cardiovascular side effects. The risk of such side effects is increased when consuming foods rich in tyramine (bananas, chicken liver, smoked food, cheese and beer).

Other side effects of antidepressants of this type are a violation of sleep quality and duration, euphoria, dry mouth, hallucinations and other mental disorders. Less common side effects of antidepressants are dizziness, headache, anxiety, worry and tremor of the hands.

Medications from the group of selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs) have poorly expressed side effects that are mainly related to serotonergic hyperactivity. Common side effects of antidepressants (SSRIs) are various disorders of gastrointestinal tract. Fatigue, poor coordination of movements and weight gain can also occur.

Some adverse reactions are severe and pose a real danger to health. Young people and adolescents easier tolerate side effects of antidepressants. Women during pregnancy can take antidepressants only as a last resort and under the doctor’s supervision.

Why is it necessary to continue taking antidepressants even if they cause side effects?

Most antidepressant drugs cause insignificant negative reactions that often disappear in the first weeks of use. If to continue the treatment, depression symptoms will decrease and side effects will disappear over time.

Generally, the positive effect of the treatment exceeds the negative influence of mild or moderate side effects. If side effects of antidepressants continue to cause discomfort, consult the doctor. Change in the dose or type of antidepressant can reduce the risks of side effects.

Sugar pills

“Sugar pills” term can be used in different cases. There is no universal definition of “sugar pills” term yet. Often, “sugar pills” word combination is found in the names of online stores selling clothes or makeup. You can see the words sugar and pills written separately or in one word (sugarpills) in the names of online stores.

Given the fact that “sugar pills” collocation can be positioned as a brand, you may find it in makeup, clothes and accessories reviews. “Sugar pills” brand is not much popular; so usually people do not use “sugar pills” term to describe clothes, makeup and beauty care products.

In New Zealand, Australia, Canada, United Kingdom, United States and other developed countries, “sugar pills” term is used as alternative to “placebo pills”.

Placebo pills are called sugar pills because their main ingredients are saccharides (carbohydrates), including glucose and lactose. Despite the fact that sugar pills have no pharmacological activity, sometimes they help achieving a desired therapeutic effect.

Placebo effect is explained by the example of Oxycodone analgesic pills (Oxy 30). People, using Oxy 30 know exactly the shape, color and marking of these analgesic pills. Besides, person who was prescribed Oxy 30 pills, knows that after he takes them, his pain will decrease.

If a person, who has ever used Oxy 30 pills, takes “sugar pills” that have the same shape, color and marking as of Oxy 30 pills, he naturally expects his pain will go away. As a result, after using sugar pills that do not contain any analgesic substance, the pain might indeed disappear.

Sugar pills are developed for any type of drugs, not only Oxy 30. For instance, sugar pills that look like Ambien can help to fall asleep those people, who have used Ambien pills before and are familiar with their effect.

It is noteworthy that placebo rarely provides the desired effect. Therefore, people should better use drugs, prescribed by their doctor, not the sugar pills.

Some doctors and their patients call birth control pills – sugar pills. If the packaging contains 28 pills, then 7 of them do not contain hormones, so they are called either placebo pills or sugar pills.

Packages containing 21 birth control pills do not contain sugar pills. Therefore, “sugar pills” term is only familiar to those women, who buy 28 birth control pills packages at pharmacies.

Apart from the listed uses of “sugar pills” term, this word combination is also used to describe pills for hypoglycemia. Sugar pills containing high doses of glucose can be used to increase the blood sugar. Still, for hypoglycemia, people use mostly the injectable glucose, which helps increasing the blood sugar levels within just a few minutes.

You can buy sugar pills online in any country of the world. Before purchasing sugar pills, the online pharmacy visitors can consult a pharmacist and ask any questions they want.

Common antidepressants

Common antidepressants are medications that help people to cope with depressive states. They appeared in late 50’s of the last century and up to date remain the main remedy to fight depression.

In addition to treatment of depression, common antidepressants can be used for the treatment of other mental disorders. For instance, anxiety disorder, posttraumatic stress disorder, agoraphobia and social phobia.

Today, people can buy common antidepressants without prescription at any pharmacy. These drugs help to eliminate the anxiety, depression and normalize sleep. Such medical agents affect the serotonin and norepinephrine metabolism in the brain and stimulate the human psyche.

Lately, depression has become a common disorder among teenagers. The cases of mild depression in teens are cured with herbal antidepressants. Effective herbal common antidepressants for teenagers are widely available in large quantities at pharmacies.

Such drugs can effectively cope with anxious and depressive states, occurring due to stress and worries in puberty. When herbal antidepressants do not help a teenager to cope with depression and his state only becomes worse, the usage of common antidepressants can be a good way out of this situation.

The list of common antidepressants (used for the treatment of depression in teenagers, adults and elderly in the Great Britain and New Zealand) includes several dozens of drugs, such as:

  • Clopress, Allegron, Cipramil, Yentreve, Tryptanol, Enlafax-XR, Enlafax, Eldepryl, Faverin, Marplan, Nardil, Allegron, Parnate, Seroxat, Pexeva, Kvebon XL, Sinepin, Tripress, Concordin,

Usage of common antidepressants for treatment of postpartum depression is a very important problem of modern healthcare. If nursing mothers use common antidepressants, newborns may suffer from side effects. In this case, the best solution is to replace the breastfeeding with bottle-feeding.

How long should women use common antidepressants for postpartum depression? Usually, to cure depression antidepressants are used within six months, and after that another six months to prevent the relapse of the disease.

Common antidepressants are drugs able to normalize the metabolism of certain substances that regulate the mental and emotional state of a person. Modern common antidepressants can improve the mood levels in depression, starting with the second week of use.

Modern common antidepressants have minimum contraindications and side effects. To achieve a long-lasting antidepressant effect, the treatment course may last for several months.

Best antidepressant for anxiety

The most effective means to cope with anxiety and panic disorders is antidepressants. Although antidepressants cannot completely cure these kinds of disorders, best antidepressant for anxiety can reduce their symptoms.

Anxiety treatment in childhood requires a comprehensive approach. People should not use antidepressant for anxiety from the very beginning. At the initial stage, a visit to psychotherapist and a cognitive behavioral therapy can replace the use of antidepressant for anxiety.

However, if anxiety is a protracted disease and drug-free methods of treatment bring no desired effect, then best antidepressant for anxiety in children might help to get antidepressant effect much faster.

Best antidepressant for anxiety in children is such a drug, which is selected individually, considering all the symptoms and severity of the disorder. Besides, it is necessary that the selected best antidepressant for anxiety was the one with least side effects.

When choosing best antidepressant for anxiety, special attention should be paid to the cases, when child suffers from attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD).

Clinical trials have confirmed that new generation antidepressants help children with ADHD to cope with panic attacks and anxiety quite successfully. In fact, anxiety is a very common disorder among elderly people these days.

It does not mean that such a state is normal for this age category of people. Anxious state and depression must be cured. Properly chosen antidepressants for anxiety can help to do it.

The difficulty of making choice of best antidepressant for anxiety for elderly is that by this age, people usually suffer from many concomitant diseases. Naturally, such diseases must be cured using other medications.

Therefore, there is a high risk of drug interactions between antidepressant for anxiety and other drugs. Some body functions tend to change and the whole body changes with age.

Hence, to avoid unwanted side effects and drug interactions while choosing best antidepressant for anxiety for elderly, doctor should take into account individual features of the body and the severity of diseases.

During pregnancy, anxiety and depression can prevent a future mother from the joy of expecting a baby. If this state lasts for long and visits to psychiatrist do not help, then antidepressants of new generation might be very helpful in the treatment of such disorders.

Best antidepressants for anxiety during pregnancy have low risk of side effects. These are new generation drugs that can be used during pregnancy and that are safe for both mother and the fetus. Herewith, the expected therapeutic effect of antidepressant for anxiety during pregnancy and its safety depend on the correctly adjusted drug dosage.

It should be said that scientists have not found special antidepressant for weight loss yet. Still, many people manage to lose weight by means of antidepressants. Actually, the weight loss is caused by the fact that antidepressant for anxiety stimulates the production of serotonin, which is usually called the “happy hormone”.

Serotonin is a natural appetite suppressant. It gives you the feeling of satiety, even if your stomach is empty. Thanks to serotonin, people eat less food and hence lose the body weight. As a result – antidepressant for anxiety contributes to weight loss.

Antidepressant for anxiety is often used in healthcare as best antidepressant for insomnia. The best results of insomnia treatment by means of antidepressant for anxiety are observed in people, whose sleep disorders are accompanied by depression.

Antidepressants weight loss

 

Drugs for the treatment of anxiety and depression can alter the patient’s body weight. Many antidepressants stimulate weight gain, while some contribute to weight loss.

  • Antidepressants that promote rapid weight gain should not be prescribed to obese people.
  • Antidepressants decreasing appetite and promoting rapid weight loss should not be prescribed to patients with anorexia.

Obese people can be diagnosed with different diseases for the treatment of which they should take antidepressants. Weight loss pills taken by an obese person should not interact with the drug to treat depression and should not affect the pharmacological effect of antidepressants.

Weight loss medications that can affect the action of antidepressant drugs are included in the group of central nervous system stimulants.

Weight loss can be caused by both oral and injectable medications to fight obesity. For instance, one of the components of weight loss program can be vitamin B12 (injections).

This vitamin improves the metabolism and can promote fat burning. Therefore, before to get a prescription for an antidepressant, inform your doctor about all drugs you are using, especially those that can change the body weight.

It should be noted that not only prescription, but also natural antidepressants available for sale without a prescription could stimulate weight loss. Therefore, people with extremely low body mass should take RX or OTC pills to treat anxiety and depression with extreme caution.

Rapid weight loss is caused by the drugs providing a powerful antidepressant effect. These drugs are included in the pharmacological group of tricyclic antidepressants (TCAs).

Rapid weight loss can be caused not only by the TCAs sold from the middle of the last century, but also by the new antidepressants came into the market in the new millennium.

Modern antidepressants that can reduce weight are included in the group of selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (including Fluoxetine pills) and norepinephrine reuptake inhibitors (Reboxetine pills). A significant change in weight can be caused by many other antidepressants.

Weight loss is a rare side effect of modern antidepressants. Therefore, when choosing the best antidepressants, pay attention not to their ability to reduce weight, but to their therapeutic efficiency and safety.

Serotonin levels

Serotonin is one of mediators, affecting the work of the cardiovascular system, gastrointestinal tract and the central nervous system (CNS).

Over the last decades, scientists made many researches, confirming that serotonin levels imbalance negatively affects the brain function and may lead to depression.

People with mental disorders suffer from metabolic imbalance in the brain. The reason is usually in a long-term overstrain of a hormonal system under stress. This causes an imbalance of concentration of neurotransmitters, such as:

  • Serotonin
  • Noradrenaline
  • Dopamine

Low serotonin levels (happy hormone) provoke various psychological pathologies, such as sleep disorders, aggressiveness, depression and anxious disorders. Patients suffering from Parkinson’s disease, autism, ADHD, OCD and schizophrenia often have serotonin levels imbalance.

Abnormal serotonin levels in children and adults may cause secondary diseases and pathologies. In this case, a timely diagnosis and treatment are required. Without the proper treatment, this disorder may cause apoplexy, hypertension, myocardial infarction, osteoporosis and diabetes.

Prolonged transmission of impulses between the nerve cells is reflected on thoughts and mind increasingly. If a patient notices any symptoms of low serotonin levels, he needs to undergo a medical examination and to do some tests, if needed.

In order to do a serotonin levels test, patients should provide their blood or urine samples. Please note that serotonin levels are changed within 24 hours; therefore, if test result is negative, you might need to repeat the test.

Ways to normalize the serotonin levels

Based on medical tests, doctor can prescribe the treatment. People, who need to increase their serotonin levels significantly, may use special diets. Please be careful, because some foods increasing the neurotransmitters levels can also increase the body weight.

In case of moderate or severe depressive disorders, a drug treatment is prescribed. To normalize the serotonin levels, doctors often prescribe selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs), for instance – Trazodone.

The main benefit of SSRIs is that they allow increasing the serotonin levels in the brain effectively and quite safely. SSRIs have minimum spectrum of side effects and are non-addictive. Therefore, they can be used in a long-term treatment or prophylaxis of diseases.

SSRIs have some drawbacks as well. But unlike other antidepressants (for instance, tricyclic antidepressants), they are not so many. A positive effect from increasing the serotonin levels in the synaptic cleft is observed within 2-3 weeks after the onset use of this type of antidepressants.

Typically, SSRIs side effects are mild and disappear in a short time without special treatment. While using these drugs, people experience an increased appetite and weight gain, as well as nausea, constipation, sweating and low libido.

Serotonin just as other neurotransmitters plays an important role in a psychoemotional health of a person. Hence, patients need to restore their metabolic balance in the CNS, if needed. Because adequate serotonin levels allows being happy, successful and self-confident.

Antidepressants that cause weight loss

“Are there any antidepressants that cause weight loss?” – it is one of the frequently asked questions about drugs for anxiety, depression and social phobia treatment.

Weight loss is one of the side effects of many drugs to cure depression. Herewith, many drugs at retail sale do not change the body mass or cause weight gain.

In 2015, dozens of various drugs can be included into the list of antidepressants that cause weight loss. This list will differ from the list of 2012, 2013 and 2014.

New tablets and capsules for depression treatment appear on the pharmaceutical market every year. Therefore, the list of antidepressants that cause weight loss can be updated from time to time.

Drugs for depression that cause weight loss can be sold under nonproprietary names or under the original brand names. In this review, you will find the names of some antidepressants that cause weight loss, plus you can learn in what countries these names are popular.

Paroxetine is one of the best antidepressants that cause weight loss. In the UK, this drug is known under the name – Seroxat; in the USA, under the names – Paxil, Brisdelle and Pexeva; and in Australia – under the names Paxtine, Roxtine, Roxet, Extine and Aropax.

One more effective antidepressant, which can cause weight loss is called – Venlafaxine. Actually, Effexor is the most popular name of this drug in the USA, Australia and UK.

Less popular names of pills and capsules Venlafaxine are: Almus, Altven, Alventa, Apclaven, Bonilux, Elaxine, Enlafax, Foraven, Hapixed, Politid, Ranfaxine, Rodomel, Sunveniz, Tifaxin, Tonpular, Vanlalic, Vanlalupen, Vaxalin, Venaxx, Venla RBX, Venlablue, Venlalic, Venlexor, Vensir, Venzip, Waylic and Xenalven.

Venlafaxine and Paroxetine are one of the safest drugs for depression treatment, available on modern pharmaceutical market. Tricyclic antidepressants are effective but less safe drugs for the treatment of mental disorders.

The list of TCAs that cause weight loss consists of several dozens of names, including such as Vivactil, Doxepin, Surmontil and Tofranil. In the UK, USA and Australia, generic versions of these tricyclic antidepressants can be marketed under other trademarks.

Any antidepressants that cause weight loss must never be prescribed to people with very low body mass. To cure mental diseases, people with diagnosed anorexia, should use antidepressants that do not affect or increase the body mass.

Just as all weight loss drugs, antidepressants that cause weight gain are sold under hundreds of various trade names.

You can find antidepressants that cause weight gain or loss in any town or any country of the world.

Absolute majority of antidepressants that cause weight loss are available by prescription only. Over the counter tablets and capsules for depression, treatment can also suppress the appetite and cause a significant weight loss.

However, because of low efficiency of natural antidepressants, they are almost never used in the treatment of mild, moderate and severe mental disorders.

Over the counter antidepressants may cause weight loss only if they contain herbal ingredients that provide anorexigenic effect.

If the appetite has gone and the body weight started to decrease rapidly after a patient took OTC or RX antidepressant, he should inform his physician.

Due to the lack of appetite and malnutrition, the emotional and physical state of a person may get worse. Therefore, antidepressants that cause weight loss can be only used when they do not cause potential risk for overall health.

For more information on popular antidepressants that cause weight loss, learn feedbacks of purchasers of these drugs, articles in medical magazines, as well as comments of doctor and pharmacists. When you buy antidepressants online, you can learn this information from a pharmacist of online pharmacy.

What is a black box warning

Many highly effective prescription drugs can cause serious and dangerous for life and health side effects. Label of drugs that can cause very serious side effects differs from the label of drugs causing less dangerous adverse reactions.

  • A key feature of labels of potentially dangerous drugs is that «black box warning» is published in them.

The term «black box warning» (less often – «boxed warning») is used in the USA. In the US mass media, you can find different definitions of the term «black box warning». The simplest answers to the question « What is a black box warning? » – can be found in the Wiki and the FDA.

Almost identical definitions of the term «black box warning» are published in the free encyclopedia – wiki and FDA guide to drugs safety terms. However, you should understand that anyone could become an author of an article on the wiki. Therefore, you should not trust all information about «black box warnings» on the wiki.

The FDA gives a very simple and clear answer to the question – «What is a black box warning? ». According to the FDA, black box warning is a warning on the label of potentially hazardous RX drugs. The «Black box warning» got its name because warning about serious side effects of drug is placed in the black square outline.

To attract consumers’ attention to serious risks of prescription drugs, black box warning is placed before the description of therapeutic, pharmacological and other properties of a drug.

Having read the label of drug that can create serious risks to life and health, the person immediately draws attention to the «black box warning» and realizes that this drug should be taken with caution.

The «Black box warning» can be found on the labels of various types of prescription drugs, such as antidepressants, antipsychotics, antibiotics, diuretics, bronchodilators. Medication list in which there is black box warning consists of hundreds of prescription pharmaceutical products, including:

  • Ciprofloxacin (Cipro)
  • Salmeterol (Serevent)
  • Quetiapine (Seroquel)
  • Bupropion (Wellbutrin)
  • Levofloxacin (Levaquin)
  • Spironolactone (Aldactazide)

It should be noted that the description of potential risks in the «black box warning» always starts with the word «Warning». Any other information placed in the black square outline can be important for the patient, but is not the «black box warning».

What is a black box warning for Ciprofloxacin?

Almost all antibacterial drugs of fluoroquinolones group (including Cipro) can cause inflammation, dystrophy and tendon rupture, as well as to enhance muscle weakness in patients with autoimmune neuromuscular disease (myasthenia). This and other information about the serious side effects of Cipro antibiotic is available in the «black box warning».

What is a black box warning for Levofloxacin?

Just as Ciprofloxacin, Levofloxacin is a fluoroquinolone antibiotic. Thus, it is not surprising that the black box warning for Levofloxacin and Ciprofloxacin is absolutely identical. It should be noted that both similarities and differences could be in the black box warning for fluoroquinolones. Therefore, after the replacement of one fluoroquinolone by another, again carefully study its label.

What is a black box warning for Quetiapine?

Quetiapine antipsychotic can cause serious psychiatric side effects in children and adults. In addition, almost all antipsychotics (including Quetiapine) create potential risks to the health and life of elderly people. Therefore, the black box warning for Quetiapine and other antipsychotic drugs is similar.

What is a black box warning for Bupropion?

Just as antipsychotics, antidepressants (including Wellbutrin) can cause serious neuropsychiatric events. In the black box warning for Wellbutrin, you can find the detailed information what psychiatric side effects this antidepressant can cause. Before prescribing Wellbutrin, the doctor should warn the patient about all cons and pros of antidepressant therapy.

What is a black box warning for Spironolactone?

Black box warning for prescription drugs may include the information not only about very dangerous side effects, but also about the requirements to their dosage and indications to their use.

For example, black box warning for Spironolactone diuretic focuses on the need for dose adjustment for each clinical case, the need for dose titration for the treatment of hypertension and edema, abuse prevention, as well as other nuances requiring special attention of physicians and their patients.

What is a black box warning for Salmeterol?

Black box warnings can be placed on the labels of absolutely any dosage forms of drugs including inhalation aerosol. Salmeterol is one of the most effective antiasthmatic agents used to produce inhalation aerosol.

The advantage of Salmeterol is that it provides a long-term bronchodilator effect, therefore can be used no more than twice a day.

The disadvantage of Salmeterol is that a potential threat to the patient’s life is created when using in the combination with other drugs for asthma treatment. It is this information is placed in the black box warning for Salmeterol anti-asthmatic bronchodilator.

If your doctor decides to prescribe you one or several prescription drugs, you can ask him a question «What is a black box warning? » and how safe drugs that you will take. Having information about the symptoms and signs of potentially dangerous side effects, you will be able timely to inform your doctor about them, and thereby to reduce the possible health risks.