The blood pressure level is one of the main indicators of human health. Everybody should check out his or her blood pressure regularly and cure abnormal blood pressure levels if needed.
What is ideal blood pressure? There is no clear answer to this question, unfortunately. The blood pressure may depend on many factors and can change many times throughout the day.
In addition, ideal blood pressure depends on age and sex of a patient. The blood pressure in children and adolescents is usually lower than in adults. Herewith, ideal blood pressure in men differs from the ideal blood pressure in women.
While growing up, the blood pressure increases stepwise. Boys and girls under 6 years old have almost equal blood pressure. Generally, teenage boys have a little bit higher blood pressure than teenage girls do.
There are no strict assessment criteria for ideal blood pressure in men and women over 60-70 years old. Usually, high blood pressure in this age increases the risk of stroke and irreversible necrosis of the heart muscle.
You can measure the blood pressure at home. To do this, you don’t need special knowledge or skills. Using a tonometer, you can measure and check out the dynamics of your blood pressure easily.
Systolic and diastolic blood pressure are measured in millimeters of mercury and usually recorded in two digits. The ideal blood pressure reading is 120/80 mm Hg. Normal indices are considered the range between 120-130/80-85 mm Hg.
Modern electronic tonometers allow you quickly and easily read your blood pressure data. Please note that in some people, the blood pressure results on the right and left arm may differ.
If the blood pressure slightly differs from the ideal blood pressure, the wellbeing does not necessarily worsen. When a blood pressure level is above the norm by several tens of mm Hg – this is a sign of hypertension.
Most adult men and women do not have an ideal blood pressure. Herewith, the blood pressure can be both very high and abnormally low. Low blood pressure (hypotension) is as dangerous as hypertension.
Slight increase or decrease in the blood pressure is easily cured. However, if a person did not start treatment of hypertension or hypotension timely, he might need several months or even years to restore his ideal blood pressure.
A healthy lifestyle is the best way to prevent the cardiovascular and many other diseases. To get an ideal blood pressure, you need to move more and to eat healthy food.
Arteries are the main transport “highways” that transport the blood to all organs and tissues of the body. Vasoconstriction increases the blood pressure and may cause the rapture of blood vessels.
Doctors cannot say for sure what are the main causes of high blood pressure, but there are many factors, increasing the risk of hypertension, such as smoking, alcohol abuse, heredity and imbalanced diet.
It is believed that athletes have lower risk of cardiovascular disease. However, in order to reduce the risk of hypertension, you just need to be active (physically) about 15-30 minutes per day.
Unfortunately, most men and women at ripe age do not pay much attention to keep an ideal blood pressure. Therefore, most people have early signs of hypertension, like dizziness, weakness, headaches or difficulty breathing.