Category Archives: Blood Pressure

Blood pressure chart by age

It is reliably known that the level of blood pressure depends on the person’s age. At mature age, blood pressure starts gradually to rise and thereby the risk of hypertension increases.

The cause of hypertension development is not only in the age. Therefore, it is impossible to make a universal blood pressure chart by age. The study results demonstrate that men under 54 years are at higher risk of hypertension than women of the same age are.

However, besides gender and age differences, weight, height, level of physical activity and overall health of the person can affect the risk of hypertension. Therefore, a standard blood pressure chart by age and weight or blood pressure chart by age and gender do not exist.

In occurrence of hypertension signs, the doctor can recommend to make the individual blood pressure chart where you should indicate:

  • Gender (men, women)
  • Age (pediatrics, adults, older adults)
  • Weight (underweight, normal, overweight, obese)
  • Hypertension symptoms (headache, dizziness)

After examining personal blood pressure chart by age, height, weight and other parameters, the doctor can determine the severity of hypertension and other cardiovascular risks.

When drawing up blood pressure chart by age for older adults, it is recommended to pay attention to the events because of which hypertension symptoms are strengthened or weakened.

These events can be:

  • Anxiety, worry and stress
  • Rapid changes in the body position
  • Consumption of certain foods or beverages
  • Use of prescription or OTC medications
  • Increase or decrease in the level of physical activity

Observation of the hypertension symptoms for several years allows to draw up an objective high blood pressure chart, which shows hemodynamic changes from different angles.

Possessing information on the impact of various factors on the level of blood pressure, the doctor can prescribe a rational antihypertensive therapy and recommend optimal methods of non-pharmacological prophylaxis of hypertension.

In the occurrence of the first hypertension symptoms, you should draw up blood pressure chart by age and weight (or gender) every day within a few weeks. Show your chart the doctor and discuss with him the possible methods of effective control of blood pressure that will help significantly reduce cardiovascular risks.

The hypertension treatment should be started in the cases if blood pressure chart by age demonstrates within 7 days in a row:

  • Systolic pressure value is equal to or higher than 140;
  • Diastolic pressure value is equal to or higher than 90.

what is hypertension stage

The question «What is hypertension?» has either a very simple or a very complicated answer.

  • The simplest answer to the question «What is hypertension?» consists of two words.
  • The most complex answer to the question «What is hypertension?» may consist of several pages.

There are two types of hypertension: arterial hypertension and venous hypertension. People are usually diagnosed arterial hypertension. The alternative definition of «arterial hypertension» is high blood pressure. To understand what hypertension is, first we need to know what blood pressure is.

The blood pressure is a pressure of blood to the arterial walls, measured in millimeters of mercury (mmHg). To determine the blood pressure level, you need to measure the pressure of blood to the vessel walls during the contraction and relaxation of the heart.

While the heart is contracting, a systolic blood pressure is measured, while the heart is relaxing – diastolic blood pressure is measured. Hypertension is diagnosed if:

  • The systolic blood pressure is above 140 mmHg
  • The diastolic blood pressure is above 90 mmHg

«What is hypertension?» is the most frequently asked, yet not the only popular question about the blood pressure. Many people would like to know the hypertension stages, not what it is.

  • If the blood pressure is slightly different from normal range, prehypertension is diagnosed.
  • If the blood pressure values greatly exceed the norm, Stage 1 or Stage 2 hypertension is diagnosed.

What is prehypertension?

  • If the blood pressure varies from 120/80 to 139/89 mmHg all the time, a prehypertension is diagnosed.

If man has no other disorders except for prehypertension, a compulsory drug treatment is not required. However, in order to reduce the risk of hypertension, the doctor can give some recommendations to help a patient to greatly reduce the cardiovascular risks.

  • What is hypertension stage 1?

When the blood pressure varies from 140/90 to 159/99 mmHg, hypertension stage 1 is diagnosed. Often, hypertension stage 1 is called moderate hypertension.

  • What is hypertension stage 2?

If a regular monitoring of the blood pressure shows indices equal or higher than 160/100 mmHg, hypertension stage 2 is diagnosed. The alternative name of hypertension stage 2 is severe hypertension.

Given the fact that moderate and severe hypertension may cause serious cardiovascular pathologies, it requires a timely treatment. The main goal of hypertension treatment is to maintain a normal blood pressure and to reduce the risk of both fatal and non-fatal:

  • Cardiovascular diseases
  • Cerebrovascular disorders
  • Chronic kidney disease

Before prescribing the drug and non-drug treatment courses, a doctor should explain his patient what hypertension is, as well as inform him about potential risks that occur if not to treat the disease.

The complex part in hypertension therapy is that in addition to hypotensive medications, people should change their lifestyle. First of all, patients with hypertension should:

  • Quit smoking
  • Cut down alcohol drinks
  • Try to lose weight
  • Increase physical activity
  • Cut down salt intake
  • Increase the consumption of vegetable food

Non-drug methods of decrease in the blood pressure may compliment the hypertension drug therapy, or prevent hypertension in patients with normal blood pressure and cardiovascular risk factors.

The efficiency of drug and non-drug methods of hypertension treatment in men and women is identical. Special conditions for hypertension treatment are created if woman uses hormonal drugs (like oral contraceptives) or if she is pregnant.

Patients with the history of the following diseases require special attention:

  • Metabolic syndrome, diabetes mellitus, cerebrovascular disease, coronary artery disease, chronic heart failure, atherosclerosis, kidney disease and renal artery lesions, lung disease, or primary

When drug therapy of hypertension is carried out along with drug therapy of other diseases, the effect of hypotensive medications either increases or reduces.

Therefore, before including a hypotensive medication into the combined therapy, the doctor should estimate its potential interaction with other drugs.

If you want to learn more information on hypertension, hypertensive crisis, uncontrolled hypertension or other types of hypertension – ask your questions via email. The answers to frequently asked questions about hypertension will be published in upcoming reviews.

Systolic blood pressure

Arterial blood pressure is a pressure of blood in large blood arteries measured in millimeters of mercury.

  • The level of blood pressure at the time of maximum heart contraction is called the systolic blood pressure (SBP).
  • The level of blood pressure at the time of maximum heart relaxation is called diastolic blood pressure (DBP).

Systolic blood pressure is the most important indicator of the heart functional state. A significant increase in systolic blood pressure is one of the key risk factors for serious cardiovascular and cerebrovascular pathologies, including:

  • Coronary heart disease, uncontrolled hypertension, heart failure, myocardial infarction, peripheral arterial disease, and stroke.

High systolic blood pressure is much more dangerous to health than high diastolic blood pressure. Therefore, to reduce cardiovascular risks, a particular attention should be paid to the normalization of blood pressure at the time of maximum heart contraction.

At the end of the 60s, in the early 70s of the last century in Europe, there have been conducted several large studies, including:

  • Systolic Hypertension – Europe (SYST-EUR)
  • Systolic Hypertension in the Elderly Program (SHEP)

The results of these studies have demonstrated that the decline in systolic blood pressure by only 12-13 mmHg reduces the risk of stroke – by 37%, and coronary heart disease – by 21%.

Furthermore, the study results of SYST-EUR and SHEP indicate that when reducing systolic blood pressure by 12-13 mmHg, mortality from cardiovascular diseases decreases by 25%.

A normal range of systolic blood pressure ranges from 90 to 120 mmHg. Any change in the range of systolic blood pressure may be a sign of hypertension or hypotension.

  • Systolic blood pressure above 120 mmHg is a symptom of hypertension.
  • Systolic blood pressure below 90 mmHg is a symptom of persistent hypotension.

Hypertension is one of the most common diseases that occurs because of high systolic blood pressure. For the reduction and effective control of systolic blood pressure, it is required a drug therapy chosen individually for each case.

Different types of medications for management of essential hypertension are available at the pharmaceutical market. When one of the hypertension signs is a high systolic and a normal diastolic blood pressure, for the effective control of hypertension, the following medications can be used

  • Indapamide
  • Amlodipine
  • Candesartan

All of these medications are approved for the hypertension treatment, but included in different pharmacological groups.

  • Indapamide – is a thiazide-like diuretic.
  • Amlodipine – is a calcium antagonists
  • Candesartan – is an angiotensin receptor blockers

Each of these medications helps to control systolic blood pressure and to reduce cardiovascular risks. Despite the fact that these three medications have the same effect, there are some differences between them.

  • Indapamide is an antihypertensive medication, which is most commonly prescribed at the initial stage of antihypertensive therapy. Just as other antihypertensive medications, Indapamide helps to reduce systolic blood pressure.

However, given the fact that Indapamide does not provide a powerful antihypertensive effect, it should be used only for the treatment of the first and second stages of hypertension.

Indapamide medication for the reduction of systolic blood pressure can be sold under various trade names, including: Mapemid, Cardide, Varbim, Diurelix, Tertensif, Fludex, Tensaid, Indapres, Rawel, Indipam, Natrilix, Lorvacs. All of these medications are available at the UK pharmacies.

If Indapamide diuretic does not provide a significant reduction in systolic blood pressure, it can be replaced by Candesartan medication. Unlike Indapamide, which can be prescribed only to adults, Candesartan can be used to decrease systolic blood pressure in children and adolescents aged 6 years and older.

  • Candesartan uniqueness is that it can be used to reduce systolic blood pressure in patients with impaired left ventricular systolic function. Moreover, Candesartan is effective in treating hypertension in patients with chronic heart failure (CHF).

At the UK pharmacies, Candesartan is sold under various trademarks, including Amias, Atacand, and Blopress. If you want to buy medication to lower systolic blood pressure at the lowest price, check with your doctor under what trademarks cheap Candesartan is sold in your city.

If high systolic blood pressure is diagnosed in patients with coronary artery disease, as an alternative to Candesartan, you can use antihypertensive medication – Amlodipine.

  • Besides the fact that Amlodipine helps to control systolic blood pressure, it also decreases the symptoms of coronary artery disease (CAD), including confirmed or suspected vasospastic chronic angina.

Just as Candesartan, Amlodipine can be prescribed to children. Therefore, choosing between Amlodipine and Candesartan, the doctor should be guided by cardiovascular risks diagnosed in the patient. The British using Amlodipine to lower systolic blood pressure know this medication under the original names Amlostin, Amolyte and Istin.

It should be noted that the cheapest tablets to reduce systolic blood pressure are sold on online pharmacies. If you want to buy medication to control systolic blood pressure at the lowest price, you can compare the cost of the needed medication on different online pharmacies.

Having bought cheap tablets to decrease systolic blood pressure online, you can significantly reduce your costs of a short-term or long-term antihypertensive therapy.

Natural ways to lower blood pressure

If you have high blood pressure, it does not mean that you should use anti-hypertensive pills right away. There are many natural ways to lower blood pressure.

Every third person on the planet face problems with his blood pressure from time to time or constantly. Many of that kind of people are subject to several factors that negatively affect the work of the cardiovascular system.

The easiest way to reduce the blood pressure immediately is to drink some water. Cool beverages can lessen the blood pressure, while hot drinks on contrary – can increase it.

Abnormal blood pressure can be caused by the shortage of some substances in the body. Vitamins and minerals can replace some medications for hypertension treatment. Natural additives, containing magnesium, cod-liver oil and vitamins of B group have made a good showing in the therapy of high blood pressure.

You can buy over-the-counter natural additives at traditional pharmacies and on online pharmacies. Natural vitamins and minerals allow normalizing the blood pressure, as well as improving the function of all organs and systems of the body.

Relaxation methods

Some methods of relaxation and stress relief can help to reduce the blood pressure quickly and effectively. Breathing exercises and meditation can calm you down and stabilize your heart rhythms.

According to medical studies, the relaxation not only suppresses the symptoms of psychological disorders, like anxiety, but also provides a significant effect on physiological parameters, including heart rate, blood pressure, the oxygen consumption and brain activity.

In order to get the maximum benefit, use some relaxation methods along with other positive problem solving methods, such as positive thinking, humor, time management, regular sleep and communication.

Natural ways to lower blood pressure without medications can include brain training, concentration and contemplation. Meditation helps to become friends with yourself, makes you free from irritated reaction and teaches you to accept things as they are.

Relaxation allows normalizing the blood pressure and improving the quality of life. People with high blood pressure are recommended to practice daily relaxation methods, directed to the reduction of stress symptoms.

Diets

The main causes of high blood pressure are bad heredity, excess weight, excessive fluid in the body and narrowing of the lumen of the blood vessels (atherosclerosis). Special diets help normalizing the blood pressure in a natural way, thereby reducing the risk of stroke or heart attack.

Cut down salt intake. This will improve the function of your cardiovascular system, as well as remove the excess liquid from the body. Also, cut down the alcohol intake. As clinical research has shown, alcohol refusal can stabilize the blood pressure levels.

Stop eating fast food and other junk foods. Instead, you should eat more fish and seafood. In fact, fish contains many essential substances that are not produced in the human body.

Low-calorie diets to lower blood pressure must consist of fruit, vegetables and fat-free dairy products. Get rid of foods, containing a large amount of cholesterol and saturated fats.

Changing your eating preferences is usually the first step towards the lower blood pressure. If you use some other methods in addition to diets, like change of lifestyle, your blood pressure will be reduced much faster.

Physical exercises

Physical exercises are good for a natural and immediate decrease in the blood pressure. Increased physical activity provides a positive effect on work of the heart muscle in the medium and the long term.

Make sure you do physical exercises regularly, 30 to 60 minutes a day. Start with light-intensity and moderate-intensity exercises. Brisk walk and jogging are perfect for that.

Physical exercises can lessen the blood pressure by 5-10 mmHg in two weeks. Workouts must not be too intense. If you missed an exercise, do not increase exercises intensity, because intense exercises are contraindicated in hypertension.

Even just a usual walk in the park is more effective than medications for hypertension treatment. If you do not know which exercises are best for a good work of the cardiovascular system, consult your personal trainer.

Physical exercises allow to lose weight much faster. Set yourself a goal to lose 5 kg first. This will help you to lower blood pressure and encourage to achieve new goals.

Try to walk instead of driving a car. Do not use elevator too often, you can take stairs when you need to go up and down. Any physical activities involving movement are good for you; while weights lifting and strength exercises on a simulator can even increase your blood pressure.

Natural ways to lower blood pressure during pregnancy may consist of various combined methods, taking into account the causes of high blood pressure. Special diets and other natural ways stabilizing the hormonal level are also effective.

Natural ways to lower blood pressure listed in this review can improve function of the cardiovascular system in just 2-3 weeks. If you suffer from hypertension, it is recommended to measure the blood pressure regularly. The blood pressure control allows you to choose methods of treatment that are most effective for your body.

Causes of high blood pressure

Hypertonic disease (hypertension) is a disease, characterized by high blood pressure in the human circulatory system. Hundreds of thousands of people in the world are more or less prone to this disease.

Arterial hypertension is one of the most common pathologies of the cardiovascular system, which often becomes the reason of hospitalization. According to some data, a periodical or constantly high blood pressure is observed in 15-25% of adult population.

Factors increasing the likelihood of hypertension

The cardiovascular system is closely connected to all tissues, systems and organs of the human body; hence, there can be thousands of different causes of high blood pressure. There is a range of factors, affecting the occurrence and progression of high blood pressure.

Over 50% of adult people are prone to various risk factors of hypertonic disease. About half of them have more than one factor, resulting in that the disease and dangerous consequences increase significantly. The main causes of hypertension are:

  • Age over 35 years
  • Heredity
  • Overweight or obesity
  • Alcohol or nicotine consumption
  • Stress and psychological stress
  • Unbalanced diet
  • Sedentary lifestyle

Symptoms and signs of high blood pressure may absent, but if you notice frequent headaches, noise in the ears or a strong heartbeat, then you need to seek medical help. Many people have no idea that they suffer from hypertension.

Causes and consequences of high blood pressure

Without proper treatment, abnormal blood pressure may damage various systems and organs of the body. The most sensitive parts of the body are heart muscle, blood vessels, brain, eyes and kidneys. Strokes and renal failure are common as well.

The higher the blood pressure, the harder the work of heart to maintain a normal circulation of blood. If hypertension is not cured in time, the walls of the heart may get thicker and hypertrophy eventually.

The high blood pressure can accelerate the formation of fat deposits on the walls of the blood vessels (atherosclerosis). The disease progression can cause clogging or destruction of the blood vessels.

Severe stages of the disease may cause stroke, affecting the speech and memory. The high blood pressure worsens the blood supply to the retina, leading to partial or complete loss of vision.

The hypertension treatment

The hypertension treatment is mostly aimed at eliminating the causes of the disease and normalization of the blood pressure. The drug therapy of the disease may involve vasodilators, diuretics and sedative medications.

All medications must be adjusted individually and depend on the overall health of a patient. For people with hypertension, doctors prescribe special diets that are mostly directed to the decrease in consumption of salt and liquids.

The lifestyle change is one of the most important ways to control the blood pressure. If you are overweight, you should lose weight. Regardless of the high blood pressure causes, doctors recommend to keep a diet that is low in fat and simple carbs.

The prophylaxis of the high blood pressure must involve an increase in physical activity. In addition, doctors recommend daily walking and a get enough sleep. Make sure you eat more fruit, vegetables, and drink skimmed milk. Cut down caffeine and alcohol.

To prevent hypertonic disease, it is very important to diagnose it as early as possible. A systematic control over the blood pressure is one of the main methods allowing to reveal the disease occurrence.

People, having one or several risk factors, should constantly monitor their blood pressure rates. Blood pressure cuff (sphygmomanometer) helps to analyze the heart work by several parameters.

You can buy blood pressure cuff at a traditional or online pharmacy. Depending on your goals causes of the disease, you can choose one type of the blood pressure cuff. To use modern sphygmomanometer, you don’t need any special knowledge or skills.

Foods that lower blood pressure

Hypertension is a disease, which requires a prolonged medical treatment. In high blood pressure, antihypertensive medications should be taken regularly.

Therefore, despite the fact that the cost of a dose of hypotensive medication is not very expensive, the total cost of a year of hypertension treatment may vary from several hundred to several thousand $US.

To reduce the costs of treating hypertension, it is necessary to learn to control blood pressure by means of non-pharmacological methods.

Non-pharmacological prevention of hypertension is absolutely free, so it is affordable for everyone. In order to improve blood pressure control, it is necessary to be physically active, to give up smoking and not to abuse alcohol, as well as to follow a healthy diet.

The consumption of foods that lower blood pressure, as well as active lifestyle help significantly to improve the health and to reduce the costs of antihypertensive therapy by several times.

Herewith, the majority of foods that lower blood pressure help to normalize metabolism. Thus, their regular use helps to lose weight and to maintain a normal body weight.

A list of foods that lower blood pressure consists of hundreds of names, some of them you can find in this review. Remember that when making up a diet plan for hypertension prevention:

  • It should include foods that lower blood pressure
  • Foods that enhance hypertension should be excluded from it

In simultaneous use of nutrients that increase and decrease blood pressure, a significant hypotensive effect cannot be achieved. Therefore, a diet for hypertension prevention should be balanced with the minimal amount of salt and cholesterol.

Table salt consists mainly of the mineral – sodium chloride (NaCl). A distinctive feature of sodium is that in its excessive consumption, hypertension may develop.

A small amount of sodium does not create a serious health hazard. Therefore, there is no need completely to abandon table salt.

  • To maintain a normal metabolism, a person needs no more than 2 mg of sodium per day. Such amount of sodium is contained in about 5mg of table salt.

We should realize that sausage, cheese and other ready cooked foods already contain salt. Therefore, if salted products were included in the daily diet, do not use salt in cooking and do not add salt during the meal.

The danger of table salt is that even if a person consumes foods that lower blood pressure and simultaneously abuses salt, hypertension will progress.

In addition, people with hypertension should:

  • Use salt low in sodium when cooking
  • Fully refuse from purchase and consumption of very salty products
  • Replace salt by natural seasonings when cooking

Given that sodium is one of the key nutrients causing hypertension, food products low in sodium help to reduce blood pressure.

  • The minimal amount of sodium is contained in radish, potato, paprika, rutabaga, pumpkin, cabbage, watermelon, carrots, cucumbers, onions, oranges, pears, juices, plums, lemons, strawberry, grapefruit, blackberry, semolina, flour, pasta, cereals, and rice.
  • A large amount of sodium is contained in sausage products (bacon, ham, sausages), canned fish and meat, mayonnaise, ketchup, margarine, canned vegetables, ready-to-cook foods, olives, canned mushrooms, canned soups.

To reduce blood pressure, it is important not only to consume less sodium (salt), but also a sufficient amount of potassium. Potassium decreases hypertensive effect of sodium.

Therefore, increasing the intake of foods containing potassium is as important for non-pharmacological blood pressure control as restriction of salt intake.

A large amount of potassium is found in whole grains, berries, fruits and vegetables. Adult women with hypertension should consume at least 3.1 grams of potassium, and adult men – at least 3.5 grams of potassium per day.

To reduce cardiovascular risks, it is necessary to consume not only foods that lower blood pressure, but also nutrients to strengthen the blood vessels. One of the nutrients strengthening the vascular system is calcium.

Besides the fact that the daily consumption of foods containing calcium helps to maintain a normal blood pressure, calcium helps to strengthen bones and skeletal system.

A sufficient amount of calcium is found in milk and dairy products, green vegetables, parsley, spinach, nettle, lettuce. Adult men and women are advised to consume at least 0.8 grams of calcium per day.

It should be noted that products low in fat do not promote decrease in blood pressure, but help to reduce weight and to prevent the development of hyperlipidemia.

Therefore, just as foods that lower blood pressure, hypocaloric food products reduce cardiovascular risks and help to improve overall health.

People with hypertension should always remember that physical activity is as useful for their health, as foods that lower blood pressure. After all, even slight, but regular physical exercise can reduce systolic blood pressure by 4-8 mmHg.

Regular physical exercise, limitation of salt intake and increased consumption of foods that lower blood pressure very often help to achieve the same effect as modern antihypertensive medications.

Blood pressure cuff

High or low blood pressure may be the symptom of many diseases and pathologies. Control and a regular blood pressure measurement help to timely start a drug treatment and reducing the risk for health.

Measurement of the blood pressure at home is an important element of control and prognosis of any cardiovascular disorder. The commercial and noncommercial organizations in the field of heart health care recommend everyone, who has high or low blood pressure, to buy special tool for its measurement, for example – the blood pressure cuff (sphygmomanometer).

The first sphygmomanometer was invented in the end of the 19th century and it has been updated many times since then. Most modern blood pressure cuffs consist of cuff, air injection device and a device that registers the air pulsation in the cuff. This blood pressure cuff review will help to understand the device types and choose the one that is most suitable for you.

Types of blood pressure cuff

There are several types of blood pressure cuff on pharmaceutical market. Most of them can be divided into mechanical, semi-automatic and automatic types. Depending on your purposes and possibilities, you can buy either of the types of blood pressure cuff.

Mechanical blood pressure cuff is a classic and the longest-used device in medicine that ever existed. Such device is almost never affected by external factors, and that fact increases the precision of measurements. Mechanical sphygmomanometers are popular and used by medical workers mostly.

The downside of this device is its difficulty of use. In order to measure the blood pressure, you need some experience and skills how to do this. Besides, to use the mechanical blood pressure cuff, you must have good hearing and eyesight.

The mechanical blood pressure cuff does not distort the results when moving your arm or speaking, or in arrhythmia. Another advantage of this device is its reasonable price. You can buy this type of blood pressure cuff at a low price almost in any pharmacy of the world.

Semi-automatic blood pressure cuff also requires manual air injection. This type of device has a display, which shows the results of measurements. To measure the blood pressure, you need no special skills or tools.

This kind of device has no drawbacks; it is easy to use for any person. You can see on the display the systolic and diastolic blood pressure indices and pulse rate. Compact semi-automatic blood pressure cuff by some manufacturers have small displays, which is not a beneficial part for people with bad eyesight.

Semi-automatic blood pressure cuffs measure the BP very precisely, because the human factor is excluded. These devices can be easily used by people with eyesight or hearing problems all by themselves. The price of semi-automatic blood pressure cuff is higher than the price of mechanical cuffs, but lower than the price of automatic ones.

Automatic blood pressure cuff is the most convenient and quite precise device for home blood pressure measurements. Such device is to be wrapped around an upper arm or wrist. However, the most precise measurement is shown when attached to the upper arm. You just have to wrap the cuff around your upper arm area, press the button and watch the device measures your BP.

Despite the fact that automatic blood pressure cuff is more expensive than the others are, it is becoming very popular. The most advanced blood pressure cuffs provide audio signals, memory the results and are PC compatible. New technologies, used in these devices, allow determining new symptoms of arrhythmia and other diseases.

The downside of automatic blood pressure cuff is a big number of functions that makes the manual blood pressure cuff intuitive but require a large size. Some suppliers offer to buy the automatic blood pressure cuff kit and stethoscope. Stethoscope needs no batteries, providing functions that digital devices do not provide.

How do we use the blood pressure cuff?

For a precise result, you should sit down and relax. Make sure it is not too cold nor too hot in the room. Do not move and do not talk while measuring.

Put on the cuff on your left or right arm. The blood pressure on the right and left arms may differ; therefore, make sure you always measure on one arm. The most common position of blood pressure cuff is a little bit higher of your elbow. If the manual allows, you may use other cuff placement, for instance, on the wrist.

Do the measurements according to the type of your blood pressure cuff, if you have an automatic device, you need to press «Start» button. The measurements will start showing when the valve opens and the air comes out of the cuff. Record the result and compare it with your previous measurements or with special chart.

Where can I buy blood pressure cuff?

Before you buy blood pressure cuff, you need to choose the type of device you need. For most users, the perfect variant is the semi-automatic blood pressure cuff. If you do not want to spend much money, just buy a mechanical device.

You can buy blood pressure cuff in Walgreens, Walmart and many other large and small pharmacy networks. Devices, available under the brand names, for example, Omron are very popular today. Devices by less popular producers can be cheaper, but have similar parameters.

Amazon and other online stores offer to buy blood pressure cuff at cheapest prices. Online stores have a large selection of best blood pressure cuffs with free delivery and different promos and discounts.

Blood pressure range for men

Blood pressure is a pressure the circulating blood presses on the walls of the blood vessels. Abnormal blood pressure and other cardiovascular pathologies are the main reason of chronic diseases in men that are associated with risks to the health.

 

High blood pressure (hypertension) is the most common cardiovascular pathology in men. It may cause an acute violation of blood circulation in the brain and an irreversible necrosis of heart muscle (stroke or heart attack). In hypertension, the blood pressure range for men is higher than for healthy men.

 

Men rarely have low blood pressure (hypotension), but it is as dangerous as hypertension is for the male body. Often hypotension is associated with heart disorders, dehydration of the body, intoxication (drugs, alcohol or medications overdose), large blood loss, etc. In hypotension, the blood pressure range for men is lower than for patients, who do not suffer from this disease.

 

Obviously, in a normal blood pressure, the male body can function maximally and effectively. To determine the real blood pressure range, the following terms are used:

 

  • Systolic blood pressure (SBP)
  • Diastolic blood pressure (DBP)

 

In simple words, SBP and DBP are the limits of upper and lower blood pressure range. There are different assessments of normal blood pressure ranges. Common indices may depend on the age and time of blood pressure measurement:

 

  • Men under 50 years old: SBP – 108, DBP – 65 (daytime range)
  • Men under 50 years old: SBP – 90, DBP – 48 (nighttime range)
  • Men over 50 years old: SBP – 108, DBP – 65 (daytime range)
  • Men over 50 years old: SBP – 87, DBP – 50 (nighttime range)

 

Abnormal blood pressure range for men can be a symptom of occurring or progressing diseases. These diseases should be timely diagnosed and cured. To normalize the blood pressure range men should use one or several drugs at once. Today, men can buy many effective and safe drugs at pharmacies.

 

Treatment of diseases, affecting the blood pressure range.

 

In order to cure hypotension or hypertension, you need to determine a cause of the disease firstly. The disease can be provoked by dysfunction of almost any organ or system in the body. The treatment intensity and properly chosen drugs allow to get out of the risk group, stabilizing and normalizing the blood pressure range for men.

 

It is important to know that if men buy the most expensive or the cheapest medications for arterial hypertension treatment, their effectiveness may be equal. To blood pressure range is improved, there is no difference which drug is used – either some brand or a generic drug. The most important thing is which ingredient was used and in what dosage.

 

Men, whose blood pressure range has changed, should not use different drugs. Often, changes in the blood pressure levels are not the complications of some disease. There are many external factors that affect the cardiovascular system, such as:

 

  • Low level or lack of physical activity.
  • Excessive physical activity, for instance in some kinds of sports.
  • Adaptation to highlands conditions (lack of oxygen and decreased atmospheric pressure).
  • Work in hot shops and physical activity in tropics or subtropics (excessive sweating).
  • Sharp decrease of the volume of circulating blood (blood loss, trauma or burns).

 

Mental state and number of stressful situations are among the main factors, affecting the blood pressure range for men. These factors are: psychological traumas, chronic lack of sleep, neurosis, depression, apathy or dismals, chronic fatigue due to imbalance in rest and work hours ratio.

 

In order to normalize or reduce the risk of changes in the blood pressure range for men, there are some recommendations to be followed:

 

  • Do regular physical exercises of different intensity, for example, daily walking, gymnastics, riding a bike and active lifestyle in general.
  • Keep a diet enriched with vitamins and minerals. Men should diversify their diet, better to exclude all fatty foods – one of the main causes of high blood pressure.
  • Take contrast shower every day (alternating cold or cool / hot or warm water) and regular wellness massage. These measures are recommended for men over 45 years old mostly.
  • To prevent dehydration, men should drink lots of water (about 2-3 liters per day). Mineral water or natural juices are best for this.
  • Refrain from soda and sugary drinks. Coffee or tea may help to increase the blood pressure and improve the blood circulation.
  • Avoid or minimize the number of stressful situations and other factors that may cause overwork.

 

A healthy lifestyle is the best way to prevent many diseases. Men should enjoy their daily activities; feel that their family and other people need them. Negative emotions for men with cardiovascular diseases are often a decisive factor, provoking a sharp and strong increase or decrease in the blood pressure.

 

Measurement of the blood pressure range in men.

 

The blood pressure levels in men can vary greatly throughout a day: usually it is the lowest during sleep, then it’s getting higher by the morning, and the highest is at daytime activity. It is important that in male patients suffering from hypertension, the night blood pressure level is higher than the blood pressure throughout a day. Such patients need to measure the blood pressure range several times a day.

 

Typically, the blood pressure is measured on a man’s forearm. For this procedure, BP tonometers are used:

 

  • Electronic
  • Mechanic
  • Automatic

 

Mechanic tonometers are safe and efficient medical tool for measurement of the blood pressure range. Their price is one of the main advantages of these tonometers. You can buy mechanic tonometers on online pharmacies at best prices.

 

Usually, electronic tonometers are more expensive than mechanic tonometers, yet they have many advantages. First of all, they are easy to use. Secondly, they give you the whole range of functions, the mechanic tonometers don’t have, for example:

 

  • Handy and informative display
  • Easy and fast blood pressure measurement
  • Diagnostics of different types of arrhythmia
  • Highest accuracy measurement
  • PC connectivity

 

The scheme of the blood pressure range for men will help to understand which measures are best to use to improve the indices. Normal blood pressure range allows to prevent many problems that may occur in future.

Blood pressure medication and alcohol

Various groups of blood pressure medications are used for the management of hypertension, many of them should not be taken with alcohol. Alcohol-containing medications and alcoholic beverages may enhance the effect of blood pressure medications and cause unwanted side effects.

  • Alcohol and diuretics

Patients taking the FDA-approved diuretics – Hydrochlorothiazide or Furosemide after the alcohol use, may experience orthostatic hypotension (sudden drop in blood pressure when standing up).

The danger of the interaction of these blood pressure medications and alcohol is that because of orthostatic hypotension, heart rate increases, cerebral blood circulation is disturbed, as well as the risk of falls and fractures increases.

If potent diuretics are used to treat hypertension, abstain from alcohol use. It should be noted that in the USA, Hydrochlorothiazide is used only in the combination with other antihypertensive medications.

Combined blood pressure medications containing diuretic agent – Hydrochlorothiazide are sold at the U.S. pharmacies under the trade names: Amturnide, Tekturna HCT, Tribenzor, Exforge HCT, Lotensin HCT, Ziac, Atacand HCT, Vaseretic, Teveten HCT. The most popular proprietary name of Furosemide diuretic is Lasix.

  • Alcohol and ACE inhibitors

Blood pressure medications included in the group of ACE inhibitors do not interact with alcohol. However, alcohol may enhance side effects of ACE inhibitors, especially immediately after the beginning of antihypertensive therapy.

In the first days of using ACE inhibitors, dizziness and faints may occur. After alcohol use, the risk of these side effects increases.

Alcohol is not contraindicated in people taking ACE inhibitors. However, before consuming alcohol before or after using such blood pressure medications, make sure that ACE inhibitors do not cause severe adverse reactions.

It should be noted that ACE inhibitors are often prescribed in conjunction with diuretics that should not be used with alcohol. Thus, if diuretics and ACE inhibitors were prescribed as a combined antihypertensive therapy, refrain from alcoholic beverages (including low-alcohol).

At the US pharmacies, you can find many ACE inhibitors used to reduce blood pressure, including Benazepril (Lotensin) tablets and Captopril (Capoten) tablets.

  • Alcohol and Beta blockers

Just as ACE inhibitors, Beta-blockers do not interact with alcohol. However, after the use of Beta-blockers and alcohol, severe side effects may occur.

After using alcohol together with blood pressure medications from Beta-blockers group, the heart rate slows down, as well as dizziness, nausea, appetite loss, and digestive disorder may occur.

When using small doses of Beta-blockers and a small amount of alcohol, side effects occur rarely. However, if diuretics are used to reduce blood pressure besides Beta-blockers, abstain from alcohol during the whole course of combined antihypertensive therapy.

Beta-blockers are available at the U.S. pharmacies under various trade names. For example, Nadolol tablets are more known under original name Corgard, but Atenolol tablets are available under the brand Tenormin.

  • Alcohol and Alpha-blockers

When Alpha-blockers are used as hypertension monotherapy, the consumption of moderate amount of alcohol is allowed with caution. When using alcohol before, during or after using blood pressure medications from Alpha-blockers group, dizziness and drowsiness may occur. Because of these side effects, the likelihood of accidental falls and injuries increases.

Particular caution should observe those, who after using blood pressure medications and alcohol, was physically active, stand for long periods of time, as well as those whose body was exposed to high temperatures. In these cases, the risk of dizziness, fainting, falls and injuries significantly increases.

Some of the most effective Alpha-blockers are Doxazosin and Prazosin. Doxazosin blood pressure medication is well known under the brand Cardura, Prazosin is sold under the brand name Minipress.

  • Alcohol and calcium channel blockers (CCB)

Blood pressure medications from CCB group interact with alcohol in different ways. For instance, the maximum doses of Amlodipine CCB do not increase the concentration of alcohol in the blood, but Verapamil CCB may increase the concentration of alcohol in the blood and thereby enhance its effect.

The use of alcohol and antihypertensive medications from CCB group is not contraindicated. However, those who regularly take blood pressure medications and periodically consume alcohol beverages should remember that alcohol affects hemodynamics and can reduce the effectiveness of antihypertensive therapy.

For several decades, Verapamil blood pressure medication is sold in the USA under the trade name Calan, but Amlodipine – under the trade name Norvasc. At the international pharmaceutical market, cheap antihypertensive medications – Verapamil and Amlodipine can also be sold under other trade names, including nonproprietary names Amlodipine Besylate and Verapamil Hydrochloride.

Blood pressure chart for women

The level of blood pressure in women may vary for different reasons. In healthy women, blood pressure can be changed because of physical or nervous overstrain, as well as negative emotions or excessive fluid intake. Moreover, the change in blood pressure can be a sign of cardiovascular disease.

For timely diagnosis of cardiovascular pathology, blood pressure should be checked regularly. If besides the blood pressure change, other signs of cardiovascular diseases appear (chest pain, edemas, breathlessness, fatigability), be sure to inform your doctor.

At early stages of cardiovascular diseases, blood pressure may change inconstantly. If the blood pressure was normal during medical examination, the doctor may recommend making up a blood pressure chart.

By means of blood pressure chart, the doctor can put a more accurate diagnosis and determine the severity of cardiovascular disease. For making up the chart, it is necessary to measure the blood pressure and pulse rate, as well as to note down the date and time of measurements.

In some cases, physicians advise their patients to note down in the chart mealtimes, blood cholesterol level, the time of medications intake, as well as the periods of physical loads, rest and sleep.

It should be noted that the level of blood pressure in healthy men and women of the same age might be different. Therefore, blood pressure chart for healthy woman may differ from the chart for healthy man.

In regular filling out the chart, healthy women will be able to make sure that their blood pressure and heart rate vary slightly during the day. If a woman have any cardiovascular pathology, the chart will demonstrate non-periodic and non-cyclic fluctuations in the heart rate and blood pressure during the day.

Blood pressure chart is necessary both for the diagnosis of cardiovascular disease and for the improvement of blood pressure control in patients with hypertension. Making up the chart, a woman can know in what situations her blood pressure changes, what factors contribute to tachycardia, what doses of antihypertensive medications are optimal for each case.

Regular making up the chart will help a woman to control the blood pressure without the constant help of doctors. Moreover, the blood pressure chart allows timely to reveal abnormal fluctuations in BP and to replace the type of used antihypertensive drugs* if necessary.

In order not to spend a lot of time to make up the blood pressure chart, a woman can use modern, simple, convenient FDA-approved device.

For daily blood pressure control and making up the chart, it is required automatic or non-automatic sphygmomanometer. If a woman wants to measure the blood pressure by herself, it is better to refrain from using cheap non-automatic manometers.

Compact and convenient automatic manometers are available at the US market, by which a woman can quickly measure the blood pressure as many times as it is necessary.

It should be noted that there are a lot of applications for mobile devices that allow to measure blood pressure. Such applications are not recommended for making up the blood pressure chart. Indeed, the results obtained by means of mobile applications can be inaccurate.

By making up the blood pressure chart, a woman should remember that the doctor needs the information on all aspects of activity throughout the day to decrypt the chart. To the doctor is able to make an accurate diagnosis, besides blood pressure measurement, it is necessary to keep a diary and note down all the actions from the moment of morning awakening.

Many factors affect the change in blood pressure chart, such as walking, ride by car or public transport, TV watching, food intake, reading, conversation, medicines intake, climbing stairs, running, intense exercise, rest periods, night awakenings, emotional experiences.

In addition to the blood pressure chart and the list of factors that could affect the level of blood pressure, it is necessary to make up a list of all symptoms that occur throughout the day. When appearing chest pain, heart pain and other signs of cardiovascular diseases, be sure to seek a professional medical help.

*The names of groups of antihypertensive drugs used to control blood pressure: diuretics, ACE inhibitors, Beta-blockers, Alpha-blockers and calcium channel blockers.